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What are the currently available options for overcoming genetic diseases and why they pose problems for society?

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Introduction

Question: What are the currently available options for overcoming genetic diseases and why they pose problems for society? Introduction A Genetic disorder can be caused by environmental and genetic factors, which have roles in the development of any disease. Basically a genetic disorder is a disease, which is caused by an abnormality in a person's genetic material. There are four different types of genetic disorder, which are: 1. Single-Gene: - This type of genetic disorder is caused by changes or mutations that occur in the DNA. Examples of this type of disorder would be Huntington's disease, Sickle Cell Anaemia and Cystic Fibrosis. 2. Multifactorial: - This type of genetic disorder is caused by a combination of environmental mutations in more than one gene. Examples of this type of genetic disorder would be Arthritis, High Blood Pressure and Cancer 3. Chromosomal: - As chromosomes are carriers of genetic material, abnormalities occur when the chromosome structure has missing or extra copies which can result in a disease. Examples of such disorders would be Down Syndrome and Trisomy 21. 4. Mitochondrial: - This is a very rare genetic disorder, which results in mutations caused in DNA where chromosomes are not present. ...read more.

Middle

Doctors in the near future will be able to carry out tests on their patients to find out if they have these diseases. The enlightenment to the patient of their health may affect their life in terms of insurance companies refusing to insure them for the fact that they do not know how long they will survive and maybe they may be at the point where they are being discriminated by their employers. Another issue concerning the gene testing is that whether the information is reliable enough and also the gene testing will not be very helpful to people in third world countries that are more likely to be infected by a disease. There are some people who believe that the money spent on the Human Genome Project could be used to help improve health in poorer countries. Basically to sum up what I have said here is that the Human Genome Project is used to discover methods of lowering the chances of getting an inherited disease. Human Gene Therapy Genes are specific bases that encode instructions on how to make proteins. Proteins are the one that perform life's functions and make up the majority of cellular structures. ...read more.

Conclusion

There are many issues that arise but it is all down to the patient and if they want to find out about their health and what they will do when discovering the results of the testing. Conclusion Overall I feel that there are many options for overcoming genetic diseases but they definitely pose a threat to society. I feel that the options for overcoming genetic diseases is good as it gives the patient the choice of overcoming these diseases but may affect their everyday life and I have given reasons above. I personally feel that their should be no testing as it tends to interfere with the patients life therefore it is not very good to have gene testing. I feel all the options for overcoming genetic diseases pose a problem for society but it is the patient's decision to go through with the testing and therefore I feel that the results obtained should be kept confidential and no-one should be able to use them in any way. The Human Genome Project and Human Gene Therapy are both good options for overcoming genetic diseases because the Human Genome Projects find methods for treating genetic diseases and for some diseases they are very successful but they have their downsides, which I have discussed above. Avtar Singh Ranu ...read more.

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