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What are the effects of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids on our health?

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Introduction

What are the effects of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids on our health? Fat is needed for the body in order to store energy, make up cell membranes and protect delicate organs, but there are some fats which could, in reverse, harm the body. Fats provide a source of energy as well as the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K. Fat transports these nutrients around the body. The two main types of fats are saturated and unsaturated fats. ...read more.

Middle

Altogether, this could cause atherosclerosis. Saturated fats contain low density lipoproteins (LDLs), which is especially higher if more saturated fats are consumed. This causes more cholesterol to be transported into the blood stream, increasing the total of blood cholesterol, and increasing the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). The foods that mostly contain saturated fats are dairy products, animal fats, coconut oil, cottonseed oil, palm kernel oil, chocolate and some prepared foods. ...read more.

Conclusion

All the listed foods contain a high percentage of saturated fatty acids. In comparison, unsaturated fatty acids are much healthier for our body. Eating more unsaturated fats makes the level of high density lipoproteins (HDLs) higher, which transports cholesterol from the body tissue to the liver where it is used up or recycled. Therefore, this reduces the blood cholesterol, when the level is too high. This decreases the risk of CHD and high blood pressure. Mostly, unsaturated fats are liquid at room temperature and they can't be produced from the body, only gotten from food products. Some good sources of unsaturated fats are contained in avocado, seeds, fish and unsalted nuts. ...read more.

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