• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who Should Have Access To Genetic Testing Results? Should Genetic Testing Be Mandatory. Genetic advances have helped in the treatment of inherited diseases

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Who Should Have Access To Genetic Testing Results? Should Genetic Testing Be Mandatory. Genetic advances have helped in the treatment of inherited diseases. Single gene disorders affect about 1% of the population, while, many more common diseases, such as asthma, diabetes and cancer, have been found, to have a genetic component. It is now possible to test high-risk families, or populations for the presence of defective genes. As the Human Genome Project nears completion, many more genes involved in disease will be discovered. Gene tests, therefore, are certain to become more widespread in the future. The passage above was taken from an article written by Susan Aldridge, for the New Scientist Journal (1998). She predicted that, this would be the development for the future, what she failed to mention was that her prediction had already become a reality. Genetic testing has its benefits, but also it has many implications, the effect it will have upon society, one can only guess. In this essay, I will attempt to evaluate the notion of genetic testing and analyse the question of who should have the results. Examining the idea, that genetic testing should be made mandatory, with the progress that has been revealed to date, one, can understand why there are ambivalent attitudes towards this innovation. ...read more.

Middle

At the present moment there is only one British employer using these methods, that is HM Forces. The results can disclose to an employer if a potential employee has a predisposition to a genetic illness. The TUC have stressed their concerns regarding this matter, and have said that some companies may have several motives for conducting tests, one of which can reduce future sick pay costs. (The Observer 27th July 1997) The issue of genetic testing, is in danger of, not just affecting our jobs, homes or futures but our present lives too. One of the few tests generally available at present is for Huntingdon's Disease, which attacks the nervous system and leads to death with fifteen years. The concept of discovering that your grandmother has this disease, the suspicion that your mother may also have the disease, although she does not really want it confirmed. If you have the test and the result is positive, then there is a good chance that your mother may also have the said disease. The psychological and social ramifications of this event happening are quite extensive. Couples can also be tested to show whether they will have a child with cystic fibrosis, the benefits of this is that the couple have the choice of having children and taking the gamble, aborting the foetus or not having children. ...read more.

Conclusion

The implications of this are that private companies also have the right to purchase these tests, to which an individual result are open to abuse. The results of genetic tests, are sometimes sensitive, and may need the relevant counselling. Should genetic test results 'fall' into the inappropriate quarters the implications may be difficult to resolve. In answer to the question: Should genetic testing be made mandatory? The results of these tests have to be stored somewhere. The idea of a genetic database, could enable medical staff to retrieve results quickly. The notion of a genetic database is open to abuse and it being used in totally inappropriate ways. Demanding mandatory testing is taking the individuals rights away. In the instance of general genetic disorders or diagnosing a genetic disorder of a particular race or age, the medical authorities are in danger of presenting a concept that is open to discrimination. The above question does not have a right or wrong answer, but the answer can be said to be based upon moral ethics, the ethic code, that is used depends upon, who wants the results? For what reason? And the developments that will progress, when the results are revealed. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Too Much Information: Genetic Testing

    5 star(s)

    The large majority of people will find out definitively whether they are positive for the genetic problem or not. However, in this hypothetical test then, there is a 5% chance that someone who is positive for a genetic condition to believe they are safe when they are still in danger,

  2. Marked by a teacher

    MENTAL HEALTH

    4 star(s)

    - where you believe things that are untrue * Obsessive or repetitive behavior * Thinking you have done or experienced something that never happened * Disturbed sleep * Incontinence - where you unintentionally pass urine (urinary incontinence), or stools (faecal or bowel incontinence)

  1. The Biology of Autistic Spectrum Disorder and the Social Implications

    Depending on the severity of the symptoms, children with autism will typically have learning difficulties. This indicates that ASD sufferers will find it increasingly harder than those who do not suffer ASD to learn new skills, such as communication and listening.

  2. Cystic Fibrosis is one of the UK's most common inherited diseases and is life-threatening.

    Symptoms Cystic Fibrosis affects many different bodily functions; these include the lungs, digestive system, reproductive system, liver, ears and eyes, bones and can cause incontinence. The large amounts of thick mucus in the lungs can lead to respiratory problems and causes the body to cough and wheeze.

  1. inherited diseases - cystic fibrosis

    Doctors place a pad or filter paper on a patients arm or back. A chemical called Pilocarpine, makes a burst of electricity to produce more sweat. Then the pad is wrapped in plastic and is sent to a lab to get analyzed.

  2. Outline and Critique the Claim that GeneticTherapy is justified but Genetic Enhancement is not

    The implication of this enhancement aim of treatment is that the genes which are inserted might be pretended to boost the functioning of normal genes. In other case, the normal genes could be replaced with other engineered genes due to produce a desired higher ability than the normal ones. 3.

  1. Investigating the effect of trampling on salt marsh

    hold the measuring tape, this was not originally included in the plan but I think these little changes allowed me to stay accurate. Did I notice any trends while recording? As I continued to record my results, some trends began to become clear for example, the population density was indeed very different.

  2. Lemna Proposal

    2002, vol 45,pp. 1003-1010. <http://apps.isiknowledge.com/ full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=6&SID =3A81AEO866bPMeA8A61&page=1&doc=3>. Accessed October 21, 2008. This article is mainly about the rates of nitrogen and phosphorus uptake by duckweed. It also talks about wastewater conditions and season climate conditions and their direct impact on the growth of duckweed. High light intensity and longer periods of warm temperature can increase the growth of duckweed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work