• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

2 Examine critically the contribution of labelling theory to our understanding of deviance.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Essay Question: "The New Man" is reputed to be liberated, caring and determined to share domestic responsibilities- traditionally the preserve of women". Critically assess the evidence for and against the view that domestic family life is becoming a partnership of equals. This assignment will critically assess the evidence for and against the view that domestic family life is becoming a partnership of equals. Young and Willmott (1973) refer to this as the symmetrical family. The symmetrical family is a family where the conjugal roles have become less segregated and more integrated. Conjugal roles are the roles played by the male and female partner in relationships where the couple are married or cohabiting. Traditionally men were expected to be the 'breadwinner' meaning that they were expected to work to provide for their family and women were seen as the 'homemaker' meaning they were believed that they should cook, clean and care for children. According to Elizabeth Bott (1957) it depends on the social network the couple had before marriage whether or not the couple will have integrated conjugal roles. 'The New Man' emerges from the symmetrical family. He is a man who is more sensitive to his and his family's emotions, committed to doing his fair share of household tasks and shows an interest in developing his parenting skills. According to Young and Willmott and other functionalists, there are six factors which account for growing equality within the family. ...read more.

Middle

As Oakley points out, the seventy-two per cent of men that claimed to help their partners out in some way could have meant anything by 'help'. Such as tucking the children into bed or vacuuming occasionally and it is hardly evidence for equality in marriage. Rapoport and Rapoport's (1976) study of professional and business couples, found that although in full time demanding careers wives were still responsible for dealing with sick children, childcare and housework and primarily treated as housewives/mothers at home, this research was carried out on the group that Young and Willmott argued would be the most likely to display results that supported the idea that symmetry in marriage was prevalent. The unequal distribution of power and authority in marriage and cohabiting relationships again criticises the view that domestic life is becoming a partnership of equals. Most decisions that are seen by couples as very important, such as moving house, have the final decision made by men. Some important decisions may be taken jointly, very few are made by women alone. Egdall, in middle class couples (1980) discovered that women only made decisions that were seen as relatively unimportant such as, what colour to decorate the house, where to go shopping and how to dress the children. This was later backed up by a survey conducted by a well known financial service in June 2000. ...read more.

Conclusion

Even when both partners have relatively successful careers, if a child is sick the woman is still the one expected to take time out of work. Having this domestic burden means that women have to sometimes take part time jobs, less pay and less chance of promotion therefore reinforcing the mans superior status in the economy and authority in the family. Because of the certain factors that influence the society that we live in today, it has been shown that 'The New Man' does exist. However not in the large numbers that Young and Willmott suggest. The emergence of the symmetrical family has bought with it shared responsibility. As traditional heavy industries and manufacturing jobs, which were once the domain of men, have declined. They have been replaced with jobs that have promoted more equality, such as the leisure industry and telesales. This has made it easier for women to support their families and have careers meaning men have more of a chance to share domestic duties. However the research on the conjugal role is unrepresentative of the population. Much of the research has been taken out on a very small number of couples in selected areas therefore the research cannot be said to reflect the whole of society. Much of the criticism levelled at the idea of shared conjugal roles and "The New Man" was offered by feminists, whose view is obviously bias towards men in general. [Word Count 1,446] ?? ?? ?? ?? Karley Ashfield ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Examine critically the contribution of labelling theory to our understanding of deviance.

    He argued that the way in which the police perceived the two different classes of juveniles heavily influenced the action taken in regards to the crimes that they had committed. The difference between primary and secondary deviance was distinguished between Lemert (1972)

  2. Critically assess labelling theories contribution to the sociological understanding of crime and deviance. This ...

    This can be seen in the results found by Humphreys in his study of the 'Tearoom Trade'. Here the individuals partaking in homosexual activities often had families at home and in a further questionnaire very few of the men admitted the acts.

  1. Free essay

    Assess the view that crime and deviance is the result of labelling, the media ...

    However all of the crime explained by Merton is monetary gain but does not focus on utilitarian crime such as vandalism and gang warfare. This theory is different to the interactionist idea of crime and deviance, however, Merton only had information about America so it cannot generalise to the whole of the population.

  2. Critically evaluate the contribution that the Labelling theory has made to our understanding of ...

    Furthermore, working with Malinowski, Becker's 'The Outsiders' provides a very clear illustration of the labelling theory applied to the idea of crime and deviance. Malinowski describes how a youth killed himself when he had become publically accused of incest. Malinowski first inquired about the case, and found that the Islanders,

  1. Compare and evaluate Subcultural theory and labelling theory

    The conflict subculture, this subculture tends to develop in areas in which there is great economic success where illegitimate opportunity structure does not exist. These areas tend to have a high turnover of population and a low level of social unity; this disables established patterns of adult crime developing.

  2. Critically assess the contribution of labelling theory to an understanding of crime and deviance

    They are also structuralist theories as they believe that a person's position in the social structure determines their behaviour. David Matza, however, argues that if the cause of crime is what subcultural theorists say it is then deviant should enjoy different value systems to the rest of society and should act defiantly when arrested.

  1. Assess The Contribution Of Control Theory To Our Understanding Of Crime And Criminality

    Hobbes speculates how selfish people would behave in a state of nature, prior to the formation of any government. He begins noting that humans are essentially equal, both mentally and physically, insofar as even the weakest person has the strength to kill the strongest.

  2. Assess the view that crime and deviance is the result of labelling, the media ...

    The public call for law and order campaign to protect the moral value of society (moral panic). If it wasnât already defined as a crime, heavy police tactics and sentences are given to offenders. The process described here caused wide public concern which made the police to intensify their clampdown

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work