• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13

A critique of policy or a piece of research - The British Crime Survey.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A critique of policy or a piece of research The piece of research to be examined in this essay is The British Crime Survey. It is a survey conducted through the medium of interviewing participants 'face to face'. In it, crime levels are analysed, and compared to reported crime levels. Rises and falls in crime are also noted, coming under various categories. These may include car crime, violent crime, and so on. Being a survey, the BCS uses the qualitative approach to generate outcomes and information, as the theories derived are based on the collection of information. It is timely and important to examine this due to constant change in reported crime levels and ever-increasing amounts of unreported crime. The Home office document 'Research' (2003), identifies three main purposes to the conduction of the survey. They are that- * The BCS helps to identify those most at risk of different types of crime, and this helps in the planning of crime prevention programmes. * The BCS looks at people's attitudes to crime, such as how much they fear crime and what measures they take to avoid it. * The BCS looks at people's attitudes to the Criminal Justice System, including the police and the courts. Also, its main purposes have been defined by the NDAD as being to "provide an alternative measure of crime to offences reported by the police; provide information on crime risks; provide a picture of the nature of crime; [and] take up other crime related issues". By offering a critique of the BCS, this essay will suggest improvements to any future BCS proposed, and offer a complete diagnostic of the survey method. The primary purpose of the British Crime Survey is to estimate how many of the public in England and Wales are victims of selected types of crime over a year, describing the circumstances under which people become victims, and the consequences of crime for victims. ...read more.

Middle

There may be a propensity to refuse, likely to be related to the experience of any earlier interview, and 'this in turn is closely related to the respondent's victimisation experience(s)' (Lynn and Eliot, 2000). Interviews last longer with victims of crime than with non-victims, and are considerably longer still for multiple victims (Hales and Stratford, 1999). Another possible negative aspect of this design is that it introduces the possibility of 'conditioning effects'. In other words, the experience of being interviewed previously on the BCS could affect a sample member's responses on a subsequent occasion. This would have to be carefully evaluated. In addition, there is a risk of the sample becoming 'out-of-date.' (Lynn, Eliot, 2000). In other words, at the second survey period, the sample will be biased against recent immigrants and those under sixteen (who are too young to take part in the survey.) If a section of the population has a tendency to select different answers which differ dramatically from those of others, there may be an effect on the variance of estimates. In some circumstances, the probabilities can be controlled in a way which reduces standard errors, but usually 'variation in selection probabilities has the effect of increasing standard errors.' (Haworth, 2000) The British Crime Survey is a survey conducted in the form of an interview. This poses difficulties for the interviewer, as interviewers can be a source of variance due to more or less subtle differences between them in the ways they read questions, the tone of their voice, and many other factors. However, in interview format, there is guarantee that results will follow, as there is no opportunity for non-correspondence. � The data analysis process can be complex, with 'some methods still developing' (Graves 1998). The 'methodology relying on standardization' can force the researcher to develop questions general enough to be minimally appropriate for all respondents, possibly missing what is most appropriate to many respondents. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore, there are no figures on crimes against children, and serious crimes against children, such as child abuse. There are difficulties in obtaining this information though. If the figures were received by current participants referring to crime committed against them in the past, the information would be out-of-date, as participants (sixteen and over) are referring to child abuse suffered perhaps, in some cases, years ago. As mentioned in the discussion of ethics, it may be unsuitable for a child under sixteen to participate. It should be noted that obtaining this information from a minor may prove unethical. However, it is worth considering the benefits of having up-to-date information on crimes against children, and perhaps a separate, more suitable, method of obtaining this information can be found. What is interesting about the BCS, in comparison with earlier copies, is that the questioning has been over a period of the calendar year, as opposed to the first quarter of every year. This suggestion, put forward by Lynn and Eliot, is advantageous. Due to the increase in sample size (from twenty thousand to forty thousand), there was a need to allow more time for participants to answer questions correctly. As opposed to merely doubling the time given (from three months to six months), it was decided that giving the calendar year would benefit both participant and interviewer alike. This Critique was written in order to address the issues surrounding the British crime survey. The main points in this essay were- * The disadvantages and advantages of survey-based interviewing * The ethics of interview-based surveying * Possible improvements of future editions of the BCS. By the discussion of these main points, the implications of the BCS are revealed. It has been identified that there are a number of different mediums available in which to conduct a survey. It is the opinion of this essay that the most effective medium available is being used for this line of research, and that the improvements suggested in earlier critiques has contributed greatly to the success of the British Crime Survey. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Sociological Theories on Crime and Deviance

    This alienates communities who see the po9lice victimising local youth and it results in a viscous circle; locals no longer trust the police and don't provide them with information, so the police resort to military policing. Left realists argue that policing must therefore be made more accountable to local communities and must deal with local concerns.

  2. The purpose of crime scene investigation is to help establish what happened at the ...

    Unbreakable bottles with lids are good for such things as hair, glass, fibers and other evidence. However, when anything contains blood evidence, it must be placed in a non-seal able container, such as paper bags. This is to stop bacteria from forming and possibly making the evidence unusable.

  1. Examine the ways in which social policy and laws may have influenced families and ...

    Now women are opting for a career before they have children and with contraception this can be achieved, this can result into longer lasting marriages and for couples to stay in a relationship after having children so there is less single parent families, having the opportunity to choose when you

  2. An analysis of The Daily Mail.

    The title for the article would be much smaller and the article would rarely contain pictures. If there was a picture it would be more likely to contain a picture of the property than of the victim. The theory looks at offenders by looking at what types of crime they have committed and why they have committed it.

  1. ‘Discuss the use of alternative strategies of crime prevention and reduction.To illustrate your answer ...

    In their preface, Garland, von Hirsch and Wakefield (2000), define 'situational crime prevention' as any crime prevention strategies which aim to reduce opportunities in everyday life, for offenders to commit crime. Situational crime prevention (SCP), is a much written about and discussed topic in criminological debates, indeed it has been

  2. How useful are Sociological Theories in explaining crime and the control of crime? Consider ...

    This idea contains elements of Classical thinking as it was assumed that deviance was created by society, not in terms of the individuals social situation but in the fact that, 'social groups created deviance by making rules whose infraction constitutes deviance and by applying those to individuals' (Becker 1963, cited Maguire, Morgan & Reiner 2002, p256)

  1. What are the uses of both qualitative and quantitative research methods for the criminological ...

    This is a positive factor as it allows the interviewer to attempt to find a cause or affect of the problem. As the interview is carried out face to face the interviewer will also be able to pick up on social cues that the participant is given out which can

  2. This paper attempts to analyse Bacceria's (1764) "On Crimes and Punishment" article. In order ...

    Detaining people in prisons before the court should be as short as possible and with as little severity as possible. "The smaller the interval of time the stronger and more lasting will be the association of the two ideas of crime and punishment (Beccaria 1764:8)".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work