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Air Pollution in Dominican Republic

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Introduction

Iris Smith Alan Paiewonsky Sociology D Environmental Ethics Environmental Issues- The Video- Questions 1) What do all the people featured have in common? What are some of the 2) differences? All the people in the video cared about their surrounding environment and did what they could to help. They created awareness in the issue and often had to talk to the government and challenge big business. They were completely devoted to their cause and had, after hard work, people join the cause with them. All improved the situation slightly and most were still doing something for the environment after their initial campaign was successful. The differences were in what they were trying to protect, how they went about doing it, and their level of success. The people were also from different parts of the world form the average middle class American to the African man walking to save Rhinos. There were 14 people in the video and they wanted to protect animals, natural resources, water, forests, and the air. They also went about it in different ways. Some started organizations, some walked and gained public awareness, some sought government help, while others conducted peaceful rebelling. In the end all were, to a certain degree, successful. Some laws were passed, protections placed, while others only had a little of they wanted done but the issue was addressed by the people and government. Some had complete governmental support while others had the complete opposite and had to go against not only big business but also government. 3) What were some of the most inspirational methods used? Why? Rhino man was probably the most inspirational because he walked over 3000 miles, and in Africa, to protect the Rhinos than started Wildlife Conservation International. His efforts raised a million dollars, reached over 50 million people, and lead to conservation programs in at least three African nations. It's admirable to see a man do so much for Rhinos and in Africa, which has a difficult landscape to walk through. ...read more.

Middle

Air pollution is already a predominant problem in the world and affects industrial nations just as it does developing nations. The Dominican Republic has become an urban nation over the last 30 years, as 2/3 of the population in the city. During this same period, industrialization within the cities has occurred and horrible control has lead to increased air pollution. Major sources of air pollution in the Dominican Republic include motor vehicles, thermal power plants, and other industrial sources. With the large movement to the city, vehicle use and ownership increased. Urbanizations lead to construction of more streets but also serious air problems. The city of Santo Domingo especially suffered, and an example can be seen in the black smoke coming out of the buses. Some of the principal air pollutants in the country include: particulate matter, carbon monoxide, lead, sulfur dioxide, and nitrous oxides. High percentages of carbon dioxide and methane affect and damage the ozone layer. Most of these pollutants come from the transport/industrial sector, but also from the agricultural sector. Sometimes when flying in to the city or looking in the higher levels of an apartment building, you can see clouds of smog. When driving in a crowded street, you can see the smoke coming out of the vehicles and you can almost taste the pollution. Industries, vehicles, appliances, etc. have few environmental restrictions so they release more carbon dioxide into the air than should be allowed. This is an issue in cities like Santo Domingo, with poor enough sanitation, where there is most industry and people, so more vehicles. Growth in private vehicle ownership is increasing 7% yearly and it is estimated that there will be over 2.2 million privately owned cars in the nation by 2010. This is a serious concern because motor vehicle exhaust is the source of 85% to 95% carbon monoxide in urban areas. A 1991 study carried out by INTEC, revealed carbon monoxide levels to considerably higher than internationally established norms. ...read more.

Conclusion

Use products in containers that can be recycled and items that can be repaired or reused. In addition, support recycling markets by buying products made from recycled materials. Reducing, reusing, and recycling in your home helps conserve energy and reduces pollution and greenhouse gases from resource extraction, manufacturing, and disposal. Be green in your yard: Use a push mower, which, unlike a gas or electric mower, consumes no fossil fuels and emits no greenhouse gases. If you do use a power mower, make sure it is a mulching mower to reduce grass clippings (PDF, 8 pp., 1.59 MB, About PDF). Composting your food and yard waste reduces the amount of garbage that you send to landfills and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. See EPA's GreenScapes program for tips on how to improve your lawn or garden while also benefiting the environment.Smart Landscaping can save energy, save you money and reduce your household's greenhouse gas emissions. Use water efficiently: Saving water around the home is simple. Municipal water systems require a lot of energy to purify and distribute water to households, and saving water, especially hot water, can lower greenhouse gas emissions. Look for products with EPA's WaterSense label; these products save water and perform as well or better than their less efficient counterparts. There are also simple actions you can take to save water: Be smart when irrigating your lawn or landscape; only water when needed and do it during the coolest part of the day, early morning is best. Turn the water off while shaving or brushing teeth. Do not use your toilet as a waste basket - water is wasted with each flush. And did you know a leaky toiletcan waste 200 gallons of water per day? Repair all toilet and faucet leaks right away. See EPA's WaterSense site for more water saving tips. Spread the Word: Tell family and friends that energy efficiency is good for their homes and good for the environment because it lowers greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. Tell 5 people and together we can help our homes help us all. Sources: 1) http://www.usaid.gov/dr/docs/resources/dr_environment_assessment092001.pdf 2) http://kiskeya-alternative.org/links/index.html 3)http://www.agricultura.gob.do/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=317&Itemid=573 ...read more.

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