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An explanation of Corporate Crime; the widespread ignorance among society and criminal law.

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Introduction

An explanation of Corporate Crime; the widespread ignorance among society and criminal law. This analytical source review will analyse and detail the views and opinions of four different sources including: The sociology of corporate crime: an obituary, Corporate Crime, Corporate Crime at the tip of the iceberg and White Collar and Corporate Crime. The topic this review will be primarily concerned with is corporate crime, the topic will be examined and the notion of ignorance towards the subject will be addressed. However in order to research and provide a review on the subject in hand a brief definition of corporate crime is required. White collar crime and corporate crime are referred to as the same subject however, Gary and Slapper argue that the term white collar crime should be restricted to the study of crimes by the individually rich or powerful which are committed in the furtherance of their own interests, often against corporations for which they are working. Organisational illegalities or rather corporate crimes on the other hand, are individual or collective illegalities that are perceived as helping to achieve the organisational goals set by the dominant coalition within an organisation. ...read more.

Middle

The article argues that criminal law does not work in areas that concern crimes of the powerful; for example marketing unsafe products, maintaining unsafe workplaces, defrauding workers, dumping waste and misrepresenting or not disclosing the risks of products. Source Two Citizen Works is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, tax-exempt organization founded by Ralph Nader in April 2001 set up to advance justice by strengthening citizen participation in power. The organization claims to "give people the tools and opportunities to build democracy". The article from Citizen works details how every year the FBI in the USA produces a report of Crime which rigorously ignores white collar and corporate crimes, despite the fact that there is strong evidence indicating corporate crime and violence inflict far more damage on society than all street crime combined. The article suggests that corporate crime is often violent crime, 56,000 people die every year on the job or from occupational diseases. This article suggests that companies that are criminally prosecuted represent only the tip of a very large iceberg of corporate wrongdoing. The article also argues that corporations define the very laws that they live under and suggests because of many corporations immense political powers they have large resources to win within courts of law and in the court of public opinion. ...read more.

Conclusion

are murdered in the street or in their homes (in the UK we know that at least 10,000 - 15,000 people per year are killed at work compared with 800 - 900 murders). The source reveals how prisons are being filled up by people whose crimes fade into insignificance by comparison (for one, television license convictions rose by 75% last year). The sources suggest that it is time corporate villains were dealt appropriate justice and indicates that corporate crimes and the people involved in them are the most violent parasitical, and dangerous of all criminals. Source Four This source comes from Hazel Croall (1998) book Crime and Society in Britain chapter fifteen White collar and corporate Crime. Croall (1998) again argues that the major cases such as Enron that have come to light and the publics attention represents only a tip of the iceberg. Critical analysis Conclusion Gary and Slapper have noted that the commercial corporate body has enjoyed significant legal privileges and argue that from the outset corporations have had advantages of various forms of legal protection. Gary and Slapper suggest that to a certain extent civil law was developed to offer support and protection to companies. ...read more.

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