• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse the effect of two socio-economic factors on educational achievement

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Unit Title: Socio-Economic Factors and Educational Achievement Kayleigh Giles-Johnson ________________ Analyse the effect of at least two socio-economic factors on educational achievement In this essay, we will be looking at the effect that different socio-economic factors have on educational achievement in schools. It is a fact that girls out-perform boys at every level from SATS to A-Level, making them more likely to move on to higher education. This year, the gap in gender achievement was at a record high with 73.3% of girl achieving a grade A*-C compared to only 65.4% of boys ? a gap of 7.9% percentage points (http://www.dailymail.co.uk). There could be a number of factors contributing to this, such as the ideas of Mitsos and Brown (1998) who say that teaching has been dramatically feminised in schools. Women are more likely to be classroom teachers, particularly in primary education, giving the girls more positive role models to look up to. ...read more.


Females are also known to spend more time on activities such as reading or communicating in their spare time, developing their language skills, as opposed to boys who spend a majority of the time being physically active (Parsons, 2004, p.55). Class has been found to be a major factor in affecting pupils' performance, with students from a professional background achieving substantially better grades than those from an unskilled background, making them more likely to enter higher education. Labelling can also have an effect here too, as Bali (1981) found that the top subjects sets of students were largely from higher social classes. This means that the working classes do not have the same access to higher levels of knowledge, potentially sparking a self-fulling prophecy of underachievement. As a response to this, anti-school subcultures may form amongst working class students, further lowering educational achievement as a result. However, there are factors at home that could contribute. ...read more.


found. Working class pupils were found not to be comfortable with the style of language required by their school, so instead talk in a restricted code that is more familiar with them. The middle-class pupils tend to be more well-spoken, using the same elaborated code as their teachers (Parsons, 2004, p.55). This correct use of language, and a more positive attitude and use of knowledge is what Bourdieu (1971, 1974) called "cultural capital". He believed that having cultural capital is the key to success and is something that working class children can not easily access. In conclusion, there are many socio-economic factors that can contribute to educational achievement. We have found that gender is a major factor and that girls tend to achieve higher than boys, but that it can also be a combination of reasons behind the pupils' class background, with a number of factors both in school and at home that can affect achievement. Reference List Books: Parsons, R (2004) AS Level Sociology: AQA Revisions Guide, UK: CGP Publishings Ltd. Websites: First ever FALL in top GCSE grades, Available online at: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2192383/GCSE-results-2012-First-fall-grades-exams-24-year-history-teachers-claim-tests-marked-harshly.html [Accessed 07 November 2012]. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    Racism has a massive psychological effect of the well being of the children". My conclusion is that Racism is a massive factor that affects so many ethnic minority children.

  2. Explain the influence of social class and gender on educational achievement

    Further conditions such as overcrowding and inadequate diet led to absence from school, tiredness and irritability when at school. Others emphasize cultural factors such as the values, aspirations and attitudes of parents. They argue that if they vary between social classes then this may account impart for differences in educational attainment.

  1. How do the three factors of class, gender and ethnicity affect achievement in education?

    Schools can be seen as being feminised. They are passive, obedient environments which girls are more likely to conform too. Schools do not nurture masculine traits such as leadership and competiveness. In recent years, teaching has become more female dominated.

  2. health inequalities and socio-economic class

    health rather than the 'choices' made by members of lower socio-economic groups. For example, is it really a choice to eat an unhealthy diet when unhealthy food is less expensive than healthy food, or to work in a dangerous job?

  1. Poverty and welfare models

    under Tony Blair took a much more multi pronged approach to tackling poverty which echoes the argument by Field based on citizenship and exclusion. It believes poverty is linked to the idea of social exclusion, and that a number of disadvantages must be overcome in order to eliminate poverty.

  2. Free essay

    To what extent is educational achievement today, still affected by inequalities?

    However, there is much evidence to contradict this belief. Although the amendments have given working class children a chance to be educated and therefore enable them to have the same opportunities as those from higher classes, for the most part this is theoretical as there are still some impediments.

  1. Sociology - AQA Unit 5, June 2007

    There are more criticisms of the usefulness of primary data, and this is why some sociologists may choose to use secondary data, such as official statistics and documents, in their research. Official statistics have the following advantages: - Published statistics are readily available and cost little or nothing to use.

  2. Practical and Ethical Factors

    He did not need the consent from people as the information was available for everyone to see. He was criticised by 'bottom up' theorists who believed that for his study to be more ethical and relevant, he should have tried to interpret the individuals themselves rather than making generalisations from statistics.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work