• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Are people with learning disabilities still invisible to society?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Are people with learning disabilities still invisible to society? What is a disability? 1. The medical model ? ?A strong emphasis as seeing disability as an individual tragedy?. (Barie & Yuill, 2008, p. 204) There is a belief that the disabled are incapable of functioning effectively without assistance and intervention from specialists. As a result, power and decision making is in the hands of the professionals. This model is implicitly negative in its depiction of disabled people. (Barie & Yuill, 2008) 2. The social model ? A belief that ?prejudicial attitudes, disabling environments and cultural barriers socially create disability.? (Barie & Yuill, 2008, p. 204) There is a focus on self help and it encourages the disabled to be empowered to make their own decisions regarding the support and services they receive. There is a strong belief that disabled people are equally capable as non-disabled people to live a productive and fulfilling life. This model is implicitly positive in its portrayal of people with disabilities. (Barie & Yuill, 2008) What is a learning disability? The World Health Organisation defines learning disabilities as: 1. 'A state of arrested or incomplete development of mind' (Northfield, 2004, p. 1) Somebody with a learning disability is said also to have 1. ...read more.


This was the birth of ?community care? 1. Attitudes appear to be changing. A survey in 2002 for the Scottish Consortium for Learning Disability revealed that 61 percent of those questioned would feel 'comfortable' living next door to a person with a learning disability. Attitudes from younger people were even more positive about inclusion than older respondents i.e. 38 percent of people under 35 believed people with learning disabilities should be able to live in their own homes with support, only 19 percent of those 55 years and over felt the same. (UnderstandingIndividualNeeds.com, 2010) How are people with learning disabilities represented in the media? It is now recognised that the way people are portrayed in the media can have a great influence on public perception and attitude. The government is working towards equality for disabled people by 2025. (officefordisabilityissues, 2009) This includes equal access to information and services, and they have set up a website that aims to advise advertisers and media professionals on how to improve representation of those with disabilities. ?Representing disabled people positively is key to effecting change and improving services? (officefordisabilityissues, 2009) Do events like the Special Olympics reinforce stereotypes and segregation? ...read more.


Past and current projects include ?Community connecting? - who work with individuals and the people close to them to find out their strengths, talents and interests. They then link up individuals to opportunities in their area; ?Life in the Community? - a three year project to find out how people with higher support needs could be helped to build relationships with their local communities; and ?deciding together? ? which included gathering good examples of how people with learning disabilities can get involved in decisions about their own lives. (learningdisabilities.org.uk, 2010) 2. BILD: Work to improve the lives of people in the UK with a learning disability by influencing policy-makers and other decision-makers, encouraging good practice among practitioners and helping people with a learning disability take charge of their own lives and become part of an inclusive society. They promote advocacy - a voice for people with learning disabilities, provide training and write policies for advocacy groups. (Bild, 2010) Future projections All of the groups and initiatives are geared towards social inclusion for people with learning disabilities. More positive representation in the media and the various agencies campaigns all aim to promote awareness, in the hope that those with learning disabilities, physical disabilities and mental health issues are treated the same as the non-disabled and have equal opportunities in education and employment along with equal access to services. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Identify current patterns of ill health and inequality in the UK. Explain probable ...

    The health of children in East Devon is generally better than the England average, as well as rates of teenage pregnancy and smoking. This shows that there is a clear link between teenage pregnancies, health in general and deprivation, the North as a whole is the second deprived area of

  2. Modern Britain is now a secular society

    The British census showed that 72% of the population described themselves as being Christian and 23% of the population have no religion or didn't state it. However the 390,000 people who responded to the Internet campaign and put their religion as `Jedi Knight' distorted these figures, showing that they did not take the question seriously.

  1. Sociological theories and Healthcare.

    Reference: Stretch B, BTECH national health studies, (heinmann 2002) The World Health Organisation It looks at all the different aspect of health all over the world (not just at illnesses and diseases, but also studies the actual well being in people such as the physical, social and emotional side of things.)

  2. To the study of effect of industrialisation in Kolam village of Raigarh district of ...

    * Education: Before industrialisation the children went to the nearby Government School and the expenses related to education were confined to the payment of exam fees only i.e. Rs 30/ paper with 6 papers per class twice a year along with cost of notebooks, accessories because books were distributed at the school free of cost.

  1. In what ways is 'race' socially and spatially constructed?

    Given the high levels of deprivation in inner cities, most tend to live in deprived areas (Joseph Rowantree Foundation; Ethnic minorities in the inner city, September 1998; Ref 988: [8]http://www.jrf.org.uk/knowledge/findings/socialpolicy/spr988.asp) 19/03/04. The need to gather with similar people is most strongly felt in an unfamiliar environment this leads to the

  2. Sociology independent project - mormons

    They stay away from drugs and anything that affects the body. Gender roles - Will take on more religious traditions. Women do go out to work but still do housework, while men still main breadwinner in household. Dietary requirements - Most likely to be vegetarian as believe killing animals as sin before lord - meaning will not ever go hunting.

  1. Diversity in Contemporary British Society

    The debate has focused on how we live together as diverse people and communities within one society. ?Multiculturalism?, ?integration? and ?cohesion? are terms which are often currently used in discussing these questions. While it may be helpful to have agreed definitions of these words, what is more significant is for

  2. Learning Disabilities and Misunderstanding. In Bayntons Disability and the Justification of Inequality of ...

    This definition is the root of these three big debates. People did not find either of these groups capable of what they wanted or in most each case deserved. These debates prove that the longer people fight occasionally it can help sway the positions of society.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work