• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Are people with learning disabilities still invisible to society?

Extracts from this document...


Are people with learning disabilities still invisible to society? What is a disability? 1. The medical model ? ?A strong emphasis as seeing disability as an individual tragedy?. (Barie & Yuill, 2008, p. 204) There is a belief that the disabled are incapable of functioning effectively without assistance and intervention from specialists. As a result, power and decision making is in the hands of the professionals. This model is implicitly negative in its depiction of disabled people. (Barie & Yuill, 2008) 2. The social model ? A belief that ?prejudicial attitudes, disabling environments and cultural barriers socially create disability.? (Barie & Yuill, 2008, p. 204) There is a focus on self help and it encourages the disabled to be empowered to make their own decisions regarding the support and services they receive. There is a strong belief that disabled people are equally capable as non-disabled people to live a productive and fulfilling life. This model is implicitly positive in its portrayal of people with disabilities. (Barie & Yuill, 2008) What is a learning disability? The World Health Organisation defines learning disabilities as: 1. 'A state of arrested or incomplete development of mind' (Northfield, 2004, p. 1) Somebody with a learning disability is said also to have 1. ...read more.


This was the birth of ?community care? 1. Attitudes appear to be changing. A survey in 2002 for the Scottish Consortium for Learning Disability revealed that 61 percent of those questioned would feel 'comfortable' living next door to a person with a learning disability. Attitudes from younger people were even more positive about inclusion than older respondents i.e. 38 percent of people under 35 believed people with learning disabilities should be able to live in their own homes with support, only 19 percent of those 55 years and over felt the same. (UnderstandingIndividualNeeds.com, 2010) How are people with learning disabilities represented in the media? It is now recognised that the way people are portrayed in the media can have a great influence on public perception and attitude. The government is working towards equality for disabled people by 2025. (officefordisabilityissues, 2009) This includes equal access to information and services, and they have set up a website that aims to advise advertisers and media professionals on how to improve representation of those with disabilities. ?Representing disabled people positively is key to effecting change and improving services? (officefordisabilityissues, 2009) Do events like the Special Olympics reinforce stereotypes and segregation? ...read more.


Past and current projects include ?Community connecting? - who work with individuals and the people close to them to find out their strengths, talents and interests. They then link up individuals to opportunities in their area; ?Life in the Community? - a three year project to find out how people with higher support needs could be helped to build relationships with their local communities; and ?deciding together? ? which included gathering good examples of how people with learning disabilities can get involved in decisions about their own lives. (learningdisabilities.org.uk, 2010) 2. BILD: Work to improve the lives of people in the UK with a learning disability by influencing policy-makers and other decision-makers, encouraging good practice among practitioners and helping people with a learning disability take charge of their own lives and become part of an inclusive society. They promote advocacy - a voice for people with learning disabilities, provide training and write policies for advocacy groups. (Bild, 2010) Future projections All of the groups and initiatives are geared towards social inclusion for people with learning disabilities. More positive representation in the media and the various agencies campaigns all aim to promote awareness, in the hope that those with learning disabilities, physical disabilities and mental health issues are treated the same as the non-disabled and have equal opportunities in education and employment along with equal access to services. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Identify current patterns of ill health and inequality in the UK. Explain probable ...

    The average amount of teenage pregnancies annually in the UK is 41.9 per 1,000 in 2007. The five areas with very high rates of pregnancy are Hartlepool, Hull, Salford; all within the North of England, Lambeth in Greater London and Great Yarmouth in the East of England.

  2. Modern Britain is now a secular society

    This evidence suggests that secularization is not taking place. Anti-secularisation theorists argue that we cannot reliably infer the extent of people's religious belief from statistics about religious practice. People may still be religious, but may practice their religion in different ways.

  1. Poverty and Health

    Poor housing, bad diet and limited access to services and amenities are all hazards which people on low incomes cannot avoid being exposed to. Engels (1974), argued that ill health for the poor is a direct outcome of the capitalist pursuit of profit.

  2. Sociological theories and Healthcare.

    known as social action theory this also goes against all the structuralist theories i.e. Marxism and Functionalism as they aren't concerned about the society altogether. The interactionist theory is very interested in relation to the small groups that make up our society like: * Families * youth cultures * groups

  1. To the study of effect of industrialisation in Kolam village of Raigarh district of ...

    After (2009-10) Public 57 41 Private 0 16 The number of students going to Government Schools was 57 before industrialisation but it reduced to 41 and the other 16 are now going to a private school for their studies. Table 5: Average Expenditure Pattern Before and After Industrialisation Expenditure Before (2008-09)

  2. An investigation into people(TM)s belief about Hell

    however, this could be attributed to the expansion of the church in terms of holding more mid week events and therefore giving young people the chance to attend church youth groups on days other than Sundays. Yet this does not explain the decline in church marriages6 and the decrease in

  1. Diversity in Contemporary British Society

    The debate has focused on how we live together as diverse people and communities within one society. ?Multiculturalism?, ?integration? and ?cohesion? are terms which are often currently used in discussing these questions. While it may be helpful to have agreed definitions of these words, what is more significant is for

  2. Learning Disabilities and Misunderstanding. In Bayntons Disability and the Justification of Inequality of ...

    This definition is the root of these three big debates. People did not find either of these groups capable of what they wanted or in most each case deserved. These debates prove that the longer people fight occasionally it can help sway the positions of society.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work