• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Asses the sociological explanations for the changes in the status of childhood

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Childhood Assignment. (a) a child centred society is a society which consists of rules, regulation and laws that are enforced for children?s protection. For example; child labour laws, and child abuse. (b) the distinction between childhood and adulthood are becoming blurred for a few reasons. One of them would be how young people today are being educated from an early age about sexual actions, while preparing them for sexual encounter by offering free condoms, pregnancy tests, injections and pills, this wouldn?t usually of been considered normal many years ago, rather it would be something an adult should have to deal with. Children nowadays participate in drinking, smoking, partying, use of drugs and the use of improper or, foul language. There is also the disappearance of traditional childhood games, such as ?tag? or ?hopscotch?. Another large way adulthood and childhood are blurred is the way children are now committing adult crimes, and being sentenced to adult time in prison/juvenile. (c) During the industrial revolution in Europe, many children were placed in factories to work, performing the relatively easy tasks. However this was a dangerous environment for young children which resulted in many injuries and deaths. Therefore the law of child labour was enforced, making it illegal for children under the age of 16 to perform work. In the 20th century, there was the emergence of a child centred society, leading to children being loved, protected and valued. Leading to a higher standard of living, and a decreased rate of infant mortality (d) ...read more.


they believe you are never too young to undertake a task, if the child think he/she can handle it, the parents would not attempt to object to it. Sociologists have also discovered there are historical differences in childhood, so not only does the place change the status of childhood, but also the time period. In item A it tells us about Aries describing the medieval world in which, children were not the equals of adults, yet they mixed freely together in both work and leisure. In these times, children were seen as ?mini-adults? as they were granted the same rights, duties and skills as adults. For example the law would make hardly any distinction between the severe punishments that both children and adults would face. The view of childhood was not to be ?confused? with affection, while there should be an awareness of the differences of nature, in medieval times this awareness was lacking as they viewed it as a distinguishing line for age, which is why the child belonged to an adult society as soon as he isn?t in constant need for his mothers/nannies care. Sociologists such as Philippe Aries believe that childhood as a whole, in the western society has improved dramatically; this is known as the ?march of progress? view. They have noticed that in today?s? society, children are the focal point in the family, the parents spend most of their time, effort and money to give their children a better life than they did themselves, yet in the past children were supposedly ?seen and not heard?. ...read more.


cause, and not taking into his argument the fact that the standard of living is improving and there is now many changes in law to protect children. Sociologists such as Peter Opie have counteracted Postman?s point about the disappearance of childhood games, as there is evidence that there is a separate, continued children?s culture which is independent from the adult world, where they do in fact still play the same games, rhymes and songs. In conclusion, I agree mostly with the march of progress view, that childhood is steadily improving, and children are being safeguarded from the harms of the outside world. Children are no longer committed to working in factories or shops, but yet if they would like to earn their own money, they can now do favour for family and friends in exchange for money. Therefore allowing them to slowly develop a means of independence, without fully pushing themselves into a work force. Also I believe that society today is child-centred, as there is much more media output which focuses on children entertainment, and also many leisure activities are provided for young people. Although I do think that there is a lot more explosion of the adult world, I feel it has more affect on teenagers, as they take more notice in the older generations. This is not particularly a bad thing, as it allows them to prepare for the soon coming adult world in which they have to deal with, it does not necessarily scar them, or harm them in a way that younger generations would be. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Outline and asses sociological explanations for workplace inequalities between men and women

    5 star(s)

    Further functionalist ideas are "The Human Capital Theory" in which it is claimed that women's lack of commitment to paid employment leads to the inequalities they suffer within the workplace. Due to child birth and the need to look after children they are more likely to interrupt or abandon their careers.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    'Assess sociological explanations of changes to the class structure

    4 star(s)

    Then, is the middle class, which has now been named appropriately the middle classes. Due to the growth of non-manual work, there are many arguments that suggest that we are now all mostly a form of middle class. This is due to several reasons: people have had an increase in

  1. Assess different explanations for the causes of poverty in the United Kingdom

    A cause of poverty is also down to peoples culture, where groups have developed a set of values allowing them to be trapped in poverty, this was originally suggest by Oscar Lewis. This brings about the idea that these groups are caught up in their culture and it puts barriers

  2. Demographic changes

    An example of such an act is that in 1902 Bradford started the first school meals service, following that landmark in 1947 the government made them free, also in 1911 National Insurance Act provided sickness benefit for workers with low incomes.

  1. Assess sociological explanations of why girls achieve better results than boys.

    some boys do work hard and gain better qualifications than some of the girls, it also ignores class differences and the fact that often boys from middle class do better than girls from working class backgrounds.

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    I feel that I achieved these due to the amount of qualitative data that was produced from the interview, also I felt that I gained the high levels of validity that I wanted because as far as I could see my respondent didn't have any reason to lie, nor to

  1. Outline and asses sociological explanations of ethnic inequality.

    Weberians suggest that although members of minorities may be distributed across a number of social classes, they are mainly concentrated in lower economic groups and may even constitute as an underclass. They also describe them as members of status groups or communities.

  2. Biological and Social Constructionist explanations of Gender development

    Individuals are conscious of this between the ages 18 months and 3 years. Most people develop a gender identity that matches their biological sex (male or female). For some however, their gender identity is different from their biological or assigned sex.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work