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Assess sociological explanations of the relationship between gender, religious belief and organizations.

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Introduction

Assess sociological explanations of the relationship between gender, religious belief and organizations. (40 marks) Gender issues are a great importance in contemporary society and culture. Although they concern both men and women at present, gender studies are still mainly focused on women because women have been voiceless for so long. Feminism see religion as a product of patriarchy as it only serves the interest of men. Jean holm argues that all religion preaches equality but they do not practice it. This argument derived from her study of cotemporary religions which showed that women are subordinated to the role of men as they do not have a part to play in many religions. For example, in Japanese religions, the women arrange and organize public rituals, but only the men can take part in it. Thus showing devalued and important women are within religious organizations. A Marxist feminist DeBeauvoir believes that there must be a religion for women because if women have their own religion, they cannot be oppressed. So therefore, they have created a feminine bible, where everything is equal between both sexes. ...read more.

Middle

This is because after interviewing some muslin women, Badawi came to a conclusion that muslin women are trying to take a stand against western culture. This is revealed when the women said that wearing the veil makes her proud of her religion and that it felt "liberating to have freedom of movement" as they can communicate with members of society without being on show. Sociologist Said, says that the west the west have created an orientalist discourse, justifying domination. So therefore, not all religions oppress and exploit women because some women do have a choice on certain things. An example would be Judaism as some women are now allowed to become rabbis and seikheism is now into equality and argues that women have choices. However, sociologists are making generalizations by saying that all women are being oppressed by their religion. This argument can be faulty because it's all about meanings and how individuals view their religion. According to Davie men and women view God differently because women see God as caring and loving, whereas men on the other hand see him as a God of power and strength. ...read more.

Conclusion

The interpretation of the religion is unfortunately in the hands of the so called religious representatives like men who have taken advantage of their roles. But not all religions oppress women. In Christianity, Women have a very high status, and very important roles. Men and women are not the same, but when teamed up together the weakness of each are supported by strengths of the others. They were made to work as a team, and with Christ's words, "to love your wife as Christ loved the church", can not give them any higher esteem than one can get. Each has roles and duties they were created for. When man loves his wife properly and the wife loves her husband properly, each work with full respect of the other and just because men and women have different roles, does not make one less than the other. So therefore, sociologist cannot make generalizations as not all religions are the same, it all depends on the way individuals interpret their religion. It may have been necessary for the male to dominate in the past but now we all know that females are just as capable as men in today's world. ...read more.

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