• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess sociological explanations of the rise of new social movements in recent years

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of the rise of new social movements in recent years There are a various amount of sociological explanations for the rise of new social movements, with arguments from sociologists like Cohen & Rai and Giddens. They offer conflicting ideas that aim to suggest why new social movements have risen, which solidify arguments made in Item A. New social movements are similar to pressure groups. Hallsworth sees new social movements as political movements that have emerged since the 1960s and that challenge the established order of capitalist society, whereas Coxall "argues that the 1960s and 1970s witnessed an explosion of pressure group membership". They are classified as any social movement that emerged since the 1960s. New social movements deal with a new range of issues and do not wish to be absorbed into the established political system. They do not seek power and are interested in influencing government decisions and finding different ways of organising political activity. ...read more.

Middle

New politics involves a volatile electorate without strong class identities. There is a greater concern with moral issues than with sectional interests, a suspicion of leaders and elites, a move away from concentration on state activities, and a politicisation of culture and lifestyle. The move to the new politics is a result of class decomposition (members of the same class become increasingly different to one another) and social differentiation (those with similar backgrounds develop different lifestyles). This change in emphasis of politics has encouraged the growth of new social movements because they appeal to people's moral principles, as well as their lifestyles. While Crook et al identify some important trends, they may exaggerate them as many sociologists deny that there has been a decomposition of classes. There are many neo-Marxist arguments that attempt to explain why new social movements have risen. Habermas states that new social movements have risen because they take on issues that the government traditionally do not, such as human and animal rights. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, Giddens does not go into detail about issues such as the background and objectives of those who join new social movements, and the way they are organised. Klein claims that global capitalism is responsible for the alienation fuelling an emerging global anti-corporate movement. She identifies five marketing strategies adopted by global corporations; logo inflation, sponsorship of cultural events, sport branding and sponsorship, the branding of youth culture and the branding of identity politics. As a result of the activities of global corporations (child labour of Nike for example), young people have lost faith in their governments, believing them to have colluded with global companies to the detriment of the developing world. They now want a different regime to represent them and new social movements offer an alternative way to challenge the state and big businesses. In conclusion, many changing social and political contexts have related to the rise in new social movements. People are looking for new ways to gain identities and voice their opinions about social issues, and new social movements are increasingly becoming that vehicle for those messages to be spread. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    'Assess sociological explanations of changes to the class structure

    4 star(s)

    Meritocracy is also one of the origins for the changes to the class structure. This term refers to a system of inequality based on talent and ability: those at the top of the social system deserve their wealth because they have worked for it.

  2. Asses sociological explanations for the increasing number of religions & spiritual organisations and movements ...

    As we are living in a materialistic, consumerist world we are always seeking to gain something in one way or another. As a result Wallis argues this maybe the reason in which we turn to sects for a sense of community and belonging.

  1. Assess different explanations for the causes of poverty in the United Kingdom

    This idea was developed by Charles Murray, he stated that the underclass consists of people who are lazy, make no effort to work or look after themselves and they therefore prefer to live off the state, this also relates to the idea of the 'scrounger'.

  2. Outline and assess sociological explanations for class inequality.

    Another theory which sociologists have developed to explain class inequality is very structural. They explain class inequality as being embedded in the structures, institutions and practices of society. They disagree with the functionalist view that inequality of talent causes class divisions and argue that inequality is the result of social

  1. Risk Factors for Recent Increased Drug Use in Adolescents.

    Adolescence is a time when the majority of teens will experience their first exposure to drugs and/ or alcohol, if one ever makes the choice to experiment with drugs (Zoccolillo 1999). A person's teen years are also a time for identity development.

  2. For this assignment I am going to cover 86 years of change in St. ...

    These houses were occupied by the Victorian middle class. In Thornhill terrace, numbers 1-17 were built in 1871-1872, and numbers 18-29 were built later on in 1894. All houses are painted cream. There is a preservation order on these houses (they cannot be changed e.g. painted). The doors have detailed decoration around them.

  1. Biological and Social Constructionist explanations of Gender development

    and in some rare cases, boys with a hormone deficiency may have ?female? genitals until puberty, when sufficient testosterone is produced, the penis grows and the testes drop outside the body. A case which evidenced this in favour of the biological approach was the study of the Batista family by Imperato-McGinley et al (1974)

  2. Asses the sociological explanations for the changes in the status of childhood

    and experience to enable the child to become an effective member of society. Sociologist Jane Pilcher, says that ?the most important feature of the modern idea of childhood is separateness.? so this would mean that childhood is a distinctly different status in comparison to adulthood.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work