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Assess sociological theories of socialization

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´╗┐Assess sociological theories of socialization Socialization is a process by which individuals learn the culture of their society as it is the process of social learning and as such is a lifelong process. Socialisation teaches us particular roles that we may have to perform which is gender specific. From birth we learn from our parents and this is known as primary socialisation, and this type of socialisation is crucial to a person?s development in order for children to be able to interact and communicate. Secondary socialisation takes place after primary socialisation and this takes place at school, interacting with our peers, mass media, religion and government policies. We may well be socialised by our belief system as well. Secondary socialisation is important in order to help the child take their place in wider society. There are different theories which support primary and secondary socialisation. These theories are theories such as Marxism and functionalism. Marxists are critical against the functionalist?s view of primary socialisation. ...read more.


We learn our norms from our parents when we are younger they are the unspoken and unwritten rules of behaviour in everyday life, and therefore they are simple rules which we follow every day, and these norms carry on developing through our primary and secondary education. Norms Like values they differ from person to person and society to society. The values and beliefs of a child depend on their upbringing. Our belief system helps to socialise us also. Values are the beliefs that we all share that form the basis from our norms. Talcott Parsons wrote that all human societies have certain problems that have to be solved if life is to be maintained. Such problems can be approached and solved in a variety of ways, and the choice of how to solve them is governed by our values. Conflict and consensus theories also look at socialisation and the society. The consensus theories are considered to be focused on the social order. ...read more.


Children are not all raised to have the same values and norms. Children are also socialised in peer groups which allows them to make their own rules that may conflict with adult norms and values. But not everything in this theory shows that it is based on an active process and it just concentrates on day to day interaction with children and adults and doesn?t make any reference to what else makes socialisation so key, there is nothing about the impact of social structure or how institutions impact on children?s or adults socialisation, so therefore this weakens the interactionists theory of socialisation. Overall there are many different types of theories which could be broken down and looked at, but sociologists believe that primary and secondary socialisation is key to a child?s life in how they develop into the country in later life and for them to be able to interact and communicate, but there are many different views on how it should be controlled and therefore it depends more upon which theory a certain person thinks is best for explaining primary and secondary socialisation. ...read more.

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