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Assess the claim that ethnic differences in educational achievement are primarily the result of school factors.

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Introduction

´╗┐Assess the claim that ethnic difference in educational achievement are primarily the result of school factors. There are clear differences between certain ethnicities within educational achievement as ethnic minorities perform worse than the white population, but this covers wide variations between groups. In particular, Indian and Chinese students outperform white students, while Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Afro Caribbean students do worse than the white population. A key reason for these differences is that factors within school effect certain ethnicities outcomes. A significant factor within school is the idea of teacher racism. Teachers hold labels of students that mean that they often believe Asian students are incredibly naturally intellectual. This meant that certain ethnic minorities got more help from the teacher so straight away they have a clear advantage. Gillborn and Youdell argue that teacher?s racist assumptions led them to believe that Afro Caribbean students would cause trouble and that teachers would see the behaviour of these students challenging. ...read more.

Middle

Troyna and Williams see the lack of Asian languages being taught as racism as it is an example of racial bias within schools. Hatcher (1996) found that they gave love priority to race issuers and failed to deal with racial discrimination within schools. Marketisation has given schools greater ability to choose students like ?pick n mix? and select the most desirable pupils. Gillborn (1997) argues that this has led to ethnic minorities being at a disadvantage as the negative stereotypes of many minorities influences decisions about school admissions. This view of marketisation being unbeneficial to ethnic minorities is supported by Donald Moore and Susan Davenport (1990) as they found that selection procedures lead to ethnic segregation. They found that schools discriminated against ?problem students?. This leads to a difference in achievement for certain ethnicities as they are not accepted into the better schools and are left with minimal choices. Although internal factors play a key part in ethnic differences in educational achievement, external factors such as cultural deprivation can affect a child?s achievements. ...read more.

Conclusion

Cultural deprivation is a key reason for ethnic differences in achievement as different ethnicities are raised with different values in regards to education. Another main factor is material deprivation and class. Material deprivation is the lack of necessities such as school books which are seen as essential for school. It is seen that working-class people are most likely to face material deprivation. Many ethnic minorities are seen to be of working class as Flaherty (2004) found that unemployment is 3 times higher for Africans and Pakistani?s than for whites. These differences parallel those seen is educational achievements. It also explains why Bangladeshi and Pakistani pupils tend to do worse than Indian and white pupils as they often face high levels of poverty. This is also supported by the Swann Report (1985) which estimated that social class accounts for at least 50% of difference in achievement between ethnic groups. Ethnic differences in educational achievement are mostly due to school factors such as teacher racism, however external factors such as different cultural values affect achievement for certain ethnic minorities. ...read more.

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