• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the Cultural Explanations for Working Class Performance in the Educational System

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the Cultural Explanations for Working Class Performance in the Educational System Cultural deprivation is the lack of certain norms, values, attitudes and skills, which are necessary for educational success. The theory states that working class pupils lack the stimulation and encouragement needed for high attainment. It also blames their failing on their background, not on the educational system. It is a known fact that middle class pupils exceed in education and that working class pupils underachieve. This is shown in J.W.B.Douglas's findings. He found that lower working class students only got 37% of good certificated at GCE O'level; where as upper middle class students got 77%. This also links with how many students stay on at school after their fifth year. 50% of lower working class students left after their fifth year; whereas only 10% of upper middle class students left. The key sociologists in this essay are J.W.B.Douglas, Sugarmen and Hyman, and Bernstein. The Marxist theory is called cultural capita theory. ...read more.

Middle

A number of arguments have been advanced to suggest that working class parents are not necessarily less interested in their children's education, just because they go to their children's schools less frequently than middle class. Blackstone and Mortimore (1994) gave these criticisms; one, working class parents have less time to attend school because of demands of their jobs; and two, working class parents may be interested in their child's education but they are put off going to school because of the way teachers interact with them. Hyman argued that the value system f the lower classes was 'a self imposed barrier to an improved position'. Thus, meaning that the working class have created this barrier by being working class, and not doing anything to improve themselves. He used existing research and suggested that the value system of middle and working class people were different. He believe that the working class placed less value on education, they placed less emphasis on achieving occupational status and that they believe that there is less opportunity for personal advancement. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, the restricted code reduced the chances of working class pupils to successfully acquire some of the skills demanded by the educational system. Harold Rosen states that Bernstein's view of social class is vague. Bernstein lumps together all non manual workers into a middle class whose members from top to bottom appear equally proficient in the elaborated code. Also, Rosen accuses Bernstein of creating a myth that the middle class elaborated code is superior in important respects to working class speech patterns. In conclusion, cultural deprivation can, to some extent, be used to explain working class underachievement. If they received the norms, values and skills needed to educational success, they wouldn't underachieve. This comes down to the parents, when socialising their children, to teach them what they need. But this is not always the case, because they are only teaching their children what they know and what has been taught to them. Therefore they cannot provide the skills needed for educational success. However, they could improve their children's success by taking an interest in their education, and by encouraging their children to stay on at school. Thus, them being socially mobile. ?? ?? ?? ?? Amy Morris 12/8 Sociology Education 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Outline and assess Functionalist explanations of the role of the education system.

    4 star(s)

    It can be observed that UCAS acts as a selector when allocating university places and the diversity in degree schemes reflects the diversity in the employment arena. Nevertheless, the perspective seems to ignore the degree of choice of individuals, and could be interpreted as being overly deterministic.

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    " The girls had to look for alternative strategies with which to get by. These strategies...were employed by the girls as their only means of challenging their teacher's expectations of them, and as such were ultimately detrimental to the education of the pupils concerned".

  1. Outline and assess sociological explanations of social class inequalities in educational attainment

    Mainly the middle class, many of whom are white, controls the education system. Those who share these characteristics may well be viewed more positively and be more likely to succeed in the tests and exams created to access their abilities.

  2. Evaluate sociological explanations for working class underachievement.

    Restricted and elaborate codes are Bernstein's description of the two distinct speech codes. Bernstein's theory states that middle class families promote elaborated codes and that elaborated codes are the currency of formal educational systems therein some children, mainly middle class start at a tremendous advantage in the race for educational certification.

  1. Which has the greatest impact on educational attainment – gender, social class or ethnicity?

    If there is positive support for the values of the school, then this can only help the child's school progress, but as the values of school are largely seen as middle class, then the values of the working class neighbourhoods may clash with those of the school.

  2. Evaluate sociological explanations for underachievement of the working class.

    Labov believed that the working class children did not do as well; firstly, they speak a different dialect to the teacher. Secondly, the teacher would often criticise the children for not talking "proper English". As a result of this continuous criticisms the children find the classroom as hostile and threatening and refuse to say much in a classroom environment.

  1. Biological and Social Constructionist explanations of Gender development

    However many argue that Dr. Moneys study again showed that nature or biology influences our gender identity. A follow up study on David Reimer by Milton Diamond (1982) concluded that people?s biology largely determines their gender and criticised Dr. Money?s early study as being misleading as Brenda (David)

  2. Class differences in educational attainment.

    Their parents are like to not have any value in education because they did not achieve well and will pass this onto the child. The child will therefore not see the point in going to school and their parents may not take much interest or encourage their child to do well.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work