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Assess the extent to which subcultural theories remain useful in explaining the level and nature of juvenile crime in the UK today.

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Introduction

Assess the extent to which subcultural theories remain useful in explaining the level and nature of juvenile crime in the UK today. In the UK the age group with the highest offending rates is 18- 21 year old men there are many theories to explain why this is. Status frustration is one of these theories the men in age range of 18 - 21 are inbetween child status and adult status they are no longer allowed to act as children but don't have the full responsibility of adults. The lack of responabity leads to a lack of status and this may lead to acts of delinquency. Another explanation for the high crime rate in 18-21 males is the subculture theory, a subculture is a small culture held by a group of people whose norm and values differ from the dominant society but also has aspects in common. ...read more.

Middle

Cohen agreed with Merton's anomie theory that working class people trying to achieve the middle class goals of dominant society but failing due to their circumstances cause subcultures to form with deviance celebrated rather than norms. Delinquency is there revenge on the system. Performing deviant tasks allows member of the culture to success and gain status within the culture. Cloward and Ohlin also researched subcultures they also said that most delinquent youths do come from working class backgrounds but they believe there is more than one form of deviant subcultures. These types of sub culture include 'crimal subcultures' where its members use deviance to gain money success and tends to develop in areas where there is and adult crime community. ...read more.

Conclusion

the cultures mentioned take part in small crimes and deviant acts there are some offences that tend to be done by middle class people for example white collar crimes such as fraud tend to be underrepresented in crime statistic as the crime isn't common but the crimes tend to involve larger amounts of money. Very few white-collar crimes are taken to court and prosecuted and those that are tend to get a soft punishment. Overall the subculture theory does explain crime in the UK today most crime is theft and in small amounts and most is in the transitional period of 18 to 21 year old men the theories aren't perfect as they don't allow for white collar crime but overall give a good view of crime in the working class. ...read more.

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