- Join over 1.2 million students every month
- Accelerate your learning by 29%
- Unlimited access for just £4.99 per month
Assess the nature and extent of secularization in society today. Evidence surrounding church attendance is one of the most valid arguments in the secularisation debate.
The first 200 words of this essay...
Assess the nature and extent of secularization in society today (33)
Many sociologists have claimed that social change would lead to the weakening or even disappearance of religion. In the nineteenth century it was widely believed that industrialisation and the growth of scientific knowledge would lead to secularisation (the process of religious decline). Comte believed that human history passed through three stages. In the first, theological stage, religious and superstitious beliefs would be dominant. These would be weakened as society passed into the second, metaphysical stage, during which philosophy would become more important. Religious belief would disappear altogether in the final, positive stage, in which science alone would dominate human thinking and direct human behaviour. Durkheim also anticipated that religion would be of declining social significance, in a society where there was a highly specialized division of labour; religion would lose some of its importance as a force for integrating society. Weber too, predicted a progressive reduction in the importance of religion. He argued that rationalization would gradually erode religious influence. Marx concluded that religion was needed to legitimate inequality in class societies but capitalism would eventually be replaced by communism, and religion would cease to have any social purpose.
Found what you're looking for?
- Start learning 29% faster today
- Over 150,000 essays available
- Just £4.99 a month
Not the one? We have 100's more
Sociological Differentiation & Stratification (view all)
- Biomedical and the socio-medical models of health
- Identify current patterns of ill health and inequality in th...
- Use sociological terminology to describe the principal socio...
- Outline the reasons for gender differences in subject choice...
- 'Assess sociological explanations of changes to the class st...
- Assess the view that the education system exists mainly to s...
- Outline and asses the view that new social movements express...
- Biological and Social Constructionist explanations of Gender...
- Assess the relation between sociology and social policy
- Feminism: A Sociological Overview
""Sabrina, Washington. IB English, History, Chemistry, Anthropology.
""Sarah. Sociology, Politics, Economics, Psychology. University Student.