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Assess the sociological explanations for why boys underachieve at school

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Assess the sociological explanations for why boys underachieve at school Whereas girls have higher levels of attainment in education, boys are underachieving substantially at school. The reasons for this are split into different sociological explanations, these are - changes in the job market, changes in male roles, work home and school and lastly, laddish behavior. The extent of which these different explanations account for the underachievement of boy's is debatable. One explanation for the educational underachievement of boys is the changes in the job market. There has been a rapid decline in semi-skilled and unskilled jobs due to the increasing automation of production. ...read more.


This future disappointment could questionably deter any effort in boys to try to achieve academically, for these jobs are so ill suited to them. However, both of these concerns are based on the idea of a daunting future, and therefore as these are generally not affecting factors during the education period, the impact of these concerns are subjective because boys may be more concerned with problems that face them in the present tense. Another sociological explanation is the changes in male roles. The traditional masculine working class role of father, husband and breadwinner is being challenged by the increasing diversity and lone parent families headed mainly by women. ...read more.


Another accommodating factor of why boys underachieve would be laddish behavior. The ideology behind laddish behavior is that it would be deemed 'uncool' to work hard in school, and therefore for a student to do so, it would result in them being unpopular. As peer acceptance is an important thing for youths in school, many working class boys would participate in this behavior and form an anti-school subculture. That through the rejection of the middle class values of school, the boys seek recognition and respect through ulterior ways. This conflict between educational achievement and social acceptance can be argued as too much for some boys, and therefore the pressure to conform outweighs the perceived benefits of education and they then underachieve academically. ...read more.

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