• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the strengths and limitations of using interviews for the study of educational achievement and material deprivation

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Using the material from item 2(c), assess the strengths and limitations of one of the following methods for the study of educational achievement and material deprivation: 1. Interviews The use of interviews, which is a process of asking a set of questions to participants physically by the researcher, can have many advantages. First of all, it produces qualitative data which will be favourable for interpretivists. However it will clearly be criticised by positivists who believe that quantitative data is required. Firstly, interpretivists will look favourably at using interviews, especially unstructured interviews. This is because it will produce qualitative by allowing the participants to expand on their reasons and keep control of the interview. Perhaps it can allow the working class and ethnic minority students to talk about their experiences at home for example parents divorcing or interactions at school for example labelling to explain why they underachieve. ...read more.

Middle

However it will be quite a cheap process. This is because the researcher will incur no costs in producing the questions for the interview, and since the researcher is doing the research first-hand, there are no costs that maybe official statistics may have. In terms of ethics though, it could have a problem. The researcher is essentially invading someone?s privacy. This is because if the researcher is asking sensitive questions to culturally deprived students about their interactions at school and at home for their bad results at school, it could make students upset about their failure. From item B, the issue of debt was mentioned by Callender and Jackson, and clearly debt and a lack of money is a very personal issue for working class students who are materially deprived. ...read more.

Conclusion

However the Hawthorne effect can take place, since these students can make themselves look more favourable in the researcher?s eyes by revealing false aspects of their lives and perhaps making themselves sound better than what they actually are i.e. a materially deprived, underachieving student. Furthermore validity could be affected since researchers are generally adults and since most materially deprived and ethnic minority students from anti-school subcultures, they could be hesitant in revealing information to an authoritative-like figure. Furthermore, since interviews will tend to be done in one school, the sample size will generally be small which will reduce representativeness. Overall it can be said that interviews are a good way of finding out about material deprivation affecting education. It will mostly produce qualitative data which will benefit interpretivists. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Using material from Item 1B and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of ethnic differences in ...

    This explanation has been criticised as it is a very stereotypical view of Bangladeshi and Pakistani families and does not take into consideration that Asian culture does value education highly. The material deprivation theory is also offered as an explanation for the low success rate of Afro-Caribbean's.

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    Murza in her study 'Young, Female and Black' (1992) descried very few teachers as overt racists, and they girls she was studying tired to avoid them as much as possible. She descried another group of teachers as 'colour blind', which means that they felt that was no problem of racism

  1. Assess the strengths and limitations of using official statistics for investigating the effects of ...

    However, marketisaition increased the importance of money in determining success. Smith and Noble (1995) suggest it produced an increased polarisation between poor/underfunded, underachieving schools in low income areas and successful, well resourced schools in affluent areas.

  2. Assess the strengths and limitations of experiments for the study of labelling in schools.

    However this means that the teacher expectations are not seen within wider process of labelling. In practice it is impossible to identify let alone control all the variables that might exert an influence on teacher?s expectations as schools are large institutions in which many variables may affect teacher?s expectations such as class size, streaming, type of school etc.

  1. Assess the strengths and limitations of using questionnaires to investigate how cultural and material ...

    The questionnaire that the researcher might hand out to the pupils might exclude the working class in particular because of the way questions are set out i.e. elaborated code. This will be unfamiliar to the working class and so this will affect the validity of the research.

  2. Assess the strengths and limitations of unstructured interviews for the study of boys underachievement ...

    Another advantage of using this method when researching boys underachievement at school is that because there are no set questions the interviewer can ask questions that they feel are important and will get the most valuable and informative answers which means the data collected will be more valuable.

  1. Using material from item A and elsewhere, assess the extent to which material deprivation ...

    in them having to constantly take time off school, putting them far behind their other class mates. JWB Douglas is a sociologist who agrees with material deprivation being the most significant impact on a working class Childs education he argues that young poorer people from working class backgrounds are more

  2. Cultural deprivation and class differences in achievement

    Lastly cultural deprivation theorists argue that working class parents pass down negative attitudes and values that can further educational under achievement. Douglas found within his study that working class parents do not perceive education as important or of any direct value; hence their children lack any sense of drive or ambition to be successful within both education and work.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work