• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the usefulness of an Interactionists perspective on education.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Assignment 1 Sociology Assess the usefulness of an Interactionists perspective on education. Education provides us with academic knowledge and social skills. The formal academic education we receive gives us the qualifications necessary to prepare us for our working lives and integration into society. Industrialisation changed societies view on education, it realised for Britain to succeed in economy it had to have an educated work force. Sociologists use a variety of methods to evaluate education for example, IQ tests (which increases the longer pupils spend in education and tends to have a more complex language, therefore aimed at upper and middle classes). Sat?s, (where children are tested to see if the teachers have been teaching the curriculum). Ofsted, the school inspectors appointed by the council to inspect and regulate the education system within individual learning facilities. League tables and long term studies such as ?Child of our time?, which followed children born in 2000 in different parts of the country with differing backgrounds. (Class hand outs) (sixthsence.osfc) (www.the student room). This essay will be discussing interactionism and the 4 main sub theories within it - labelling, selfulfilling prophesy, language, subcultures and the effects they have on education. George Mead (1934) ...read more.

Middle

Cicourel and Kitsuse argued that the decision made by the councillors was unfair. Once these labels are firmly attached and for those with a negative label it may be hard to change. Rist (1977) believes the problem with labelling does not lay with known recognised bad behaviour but whether someone is going to do something about it. Lacey?s study shows how the power of labelling can actually create failure. Boys who were among 15% of pupils who had passed the 11+ to gain entry to grammar school, failed once there, due to the competitive atmosphere and use of streaming. By the second year they had become clearly anti-school as they adapted to their role as failures. A form of labelling, (this can have a positive or negative effect), is known as the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy. Where self fulfilling prophecies are used to define working class students as failures helps to ensure that they do fail. Stephen Ball?s (1981) study showed how teachers varied their expectations and teaching method depending on the band pupils were in. Studies have shown other reasons why working class pupils receive poorer results in education than children from middle class backgrounds. Interactionists Rosenthal and Jacobson (1968) ...read more.

Conclusion

When the positive and negative areas of studies, which have been and are being completed, are acted upon, the interactionist perspective would be the first point of reference in developing the education system with macro theories adding their experience and effective input. The interactionist perspective takes account of the importance of what happens inside schools and classrooms, rather than putting the blame for educational failure on the pupil, their family, their cultural values and attitudes or circumstances arising from their social class background. Hopefully encouraging those labelled to act positively, through hard work and academic success. An education policy which has recently been activated saw ?free schools? being opened in September 2011. These schools are all ability, state funded schools, which have been set up in response to local people?s requests to improve education for children in their area. Giving children the opportunity to learn and develop in a way that?s best for them. Free schools aim to tackle educational inequality, or marginalised groups, as over the years the gap in educational attainment between rich and poor has widened. Free schools provide teachers with more power than politicians and are more accountable to parents, this gives the school more freedom over what is taught and how students are assessed. This new system has been set up in the hope that parents and children will have more choice in the school they attend and meets their educational needs. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Discuss the usefulness of Quantative and Qualitative Methods in study of Suicide.

    From a theoretical stand-point, statistics are great as they do enable the positivist Durkheim to establish links and causal laws; something which is done much easier when the method of research is as quantative as statistics. However, statistics are still a form of secondary data and so can be essentially

  2. essay question sociology - education

    IQ results are based on the culture a student comes from .They gave the same answer as western children, however their speed when responding was much lower. This is because they have been socialized to take time when answering. Sugarman talks about working class subcultures( values and norms)

  1. To the study of effect of industrialisation in Kolam village of Raigarh district of ...

    This is a known fact that this plateau is rich in coal beds. This is the reason why JSPL wanted to start an industry here. Once the extraction of coal starts the environment as well as the people will have to bear its consequences.

  2. Sociology of Education

    Middle class students would have been at an advantage as their parents would have been able to coach their children through the exam and even be able to pay for private tuition should they need it. Working class children would not have been expected to be able to pass the

  1. Assess the usefulness of interactionist approaches to the study of society

    Mead thought society is the product of people acting on the basis of shared symbols, reflecting on their own actions and role-taking in order to engage in everyday social interaction. It could be argued that this technique of role-taking isn?t helpful, because we can never truly know what their motives and feelings are.

  2. Examining the role of education- Functionalism and the New Right:

    We can also draw a link between the opinions of the New Right and functionalism. Both the theories broadly favour an education system to run on meritocratic principles. These are form of a social system in which power goes to those with superior intellects.

  1. Sociology Exam Study Guide

    How can the sociological imagination be used to explain ?collective memory?? Memory is one of the main keys when looking at socialization; without memory socialization is impossible. The book defines collective memory as the experiences shared and recalled by significant numbers of people.

  2. Outline and assess the impact of the 1988 Education Reform Act

    of the high exam pass rate, then the working class children are unlikely to be able to get a place at that school therefore would lead them to being sent to a less popular school which has lower exam pass rate because of its lack of funding due to the number of pupils.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work