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Assess the view that crime and deviance are the product of labelling theory

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Introduction

´╗┐Using material from item A and elsewhere, assess the view that crime and deviance are the product of labelling theory (21 marks) Some sociologists believe that crime and deviance is a result labelling which is when a label is attached to a person or group of people due to their appearance, sex, ethnicity or other factors. It is also leads individuals to believe that labelling theory can create a self-fulfilling prophecy, which is when the person begins to act according to the label and hence it comes true simply through being made. If a certain group of people have committed crime in the past they are more likely to be thought as to reoffend. ...read more.

Middle

On the other hand this stereotype could be seen as a form of racism. Making race based labels is judgemental of society where equality should be enforced. Deviance is classified differently by many differing sociologist and there are different adaptations of what it is to be labelled. Braithwaite argued two different types of labelling, Reintergrative (labelling the act) and deintergrative (labelling the person and the act). By labelling an individual they can become ostracised by their community putting great pressure on them. If this pressure is reflected by everyone in society the offender?s only way of succeeding again could be to reoffend and fulfil their criminal career. Once a person has been labelled as a criminal it is hard for them to have aspirations of new and bettering career opportunities as employers see it as a negative thing. ...read more.

Conclusion

Supported by Young?s theory of the spiral effect. The spiral effect meant if in this case hippies in Notting Hill weren?t allowed to smoke marijuana they would form subcultures to carry on with the wrong act contrary to the legal opinion also known as deviancy amplification. On balance labelling in certain contexts does appear to be a product of Crime and Deviance but certain theories do ignore certain aspects that should be considered. Once a person has a label attached it can be very negative and close doors for future possibilities but this also depends on the person. Crime for most people is a choice but other feel it is relevant for simple survival so by attaching labels this furthers the bridges in society by making it increasingly difficult to get away from a career in crime and deviance whether it be petty or serious. Matt Doxford ...read more.

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