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Assess the view that cults and sects are only fringe organisations and are inevitably short lived and of little influence in contemporary society

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Introduction

´╗┐Asses the view that cults and sects are only fringe organisations and are inevitably short lived and of little influence in contemporary society Pro-secularisation theorists such as Bruce and Wilson claim that the existence of NRM?s are not a challenge to the secularisation theory as these NRM?s are fringe organisations that are inevitably short lived and of little significance. They are just the dying embers of established religion. However anti secularisation theorists such as Stark and Bainbridge believes that these religious organisation (Cults, sects, NRM?s)are the begging of new religions ? Phoenix like, rising from the ashes of old religions. Religion is changing not declining. So basically there is a debate as to the significance and longevity of these organisations. ...read more.

Middle

They can vary greatly in size, ranging from a handful of members to hundreds of thousands. They are all religious organisations with a clear notion of God. They are highly critical of the outside world and they seek radical change. World accommodating are usually breakaways from existing mainstream churches or denominations, such as neo-Pentecostals who split from Catholicism. They prefer to focus on religious matters rather than worldly matter, such as seeking to restore the spiritual purity of the religion. World affirming differ from the other two groups and may lack some of the conventional features of a religion, such as collective worship, and some are not highly organised. But they do offer their followers access to spiritual or supernatural powers. ...read more.

Conclusion

Adventist sects, on the other hand, are less bothered about converting people and are more concerned with preparing their current members for what they believe will be the day of judgement. Because Adventist sects are highly critical of, and even hostile towards, the outer society they look forward to it being over thrown by God, their members are not likely to welcome the sect becoming more adjusted to society. Pro-secularisation theorists such as Bruce and Wilson both believe NRM?s to be fringe organisations of little significance . They see their existence as evidence of secularisation. However anti secularisation theorists such as Stark and Bainbridge believe religion is simply changing and no declining. These movements represent the new form of religion in the 20/21st century. Aldridge writes about the ?socially significant? NRM?s such as Jehovah Witnesses and Mormons whore membership has doubled over the last 15 years. ...read more.

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