• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the view that ethnic differences in crime rates are the result of the ways in which the criminal justice system operates.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A2 Crime & Deviance Assess the view that ethnic differences in crime rates are the result of the ways in which the criminal justice system operates. (21 marks) Official statistics not the criminal justice process show some striking differences between ethnic groups. For example, black people make up just 2.8% of the population, but 11% of the prison population. Asians make up 4.7% of the population, however that take 6% of the prison population. By contrast, White people are under-represented at all stages of the criminal justice process. However, such statistics do not tell us whether members of one ethnic group are more likely than a member of another group to commit an offence as they simply tell us about involvement with the criminal justice system. For example, differences in stop and search or arrest rates may simply be due to policing strategies or to discrimination by individual officers, while differences in rates if imprisonment may be the result of courts handling down harsher sentences to minorities. ...read more.

Middle

It can be argued that there are ethnic differences at each stage of the criminal justice process. For example, Philip and Bowling note, since the 1970s there have been allegations of oppressive policing of minority ethnic communities. It has also been said that members of minority ethnic groups are more likely to be stopped and searched by the police. Compared to white people, black people are seven times more likely to be stopped and searched and Asians are over twice as likely. There are three possible reasons for the disproportionate use of stop and search against members of minority ethnic groups; Police racism, ethnic differences in offend and demographic factors. In addition, figures for England and Wales show that in 2006/7 the arrest rate for blacks was 3.6 times the rate for whites. By contrast, once arrested, black and Asians were less likely than whites to receive a caution. ...read more.

Conclusion

As we have seen, official statistics on the criminal justice process show differences between ethnic group. The question is therefore how we explain these patterns. There are two main explanations for ethnic differences in the statistics; Left realisms and the Neo-Marxism. The left realists see the statistics represent real differences in rates of offending. Whereas the Neo-Marxists see the statistics are a social construct resulting from racist labelling and discrimination in the criminal rates of offending. From a left realist perspective, the justice system does not necessarily act on the differences of ethnic minorities but demonstrates a true representation of the rates in offending. On the other hand from a Neo-Marxists view the statistics is just a myth of the social construct and they see that is what the justice system acts on. To an extent, the left realist perspective seems to be valid as it is inane to believe that the ethnic minority community could be the fault of most crimes simply as a result of their race. However, it is also conceivable that their race, religion and ethnicity has a significant contribution . ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. The Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice.

    makes white collar criminals killers. Rather than admit wrongdoing or solve problems, corporations may use the labels 'isolated incident' or 'accident.' Even when the executives and managers encourage the dangerous working conditions, it may still be referred to as an isolated incident. Kappeler (2000) describes how 25 workers died in a fire in a chicken-processing plant, in North Carolina, because the exit doors were locked.

  2. Free essay

    Assess the view that crime and deviance is the result of labelling, the media ...

    The labelling theory shows that the law is not a fixed set of rules to be taken for granted, but something whose construction we need to explain. It shows that the law is often enforced in discriminatory ways and that crime statistics are more of a record of the activities

  1. Inequalities within the 'Criminal JUSTICE System/Process'

    * Dominance of managerial values. * Crime is inevitable so what we need to do is manage it to make sure it causes as little damage to society as possible. This may involve assessments of risk and dangerousness. * Efficiency and cost effectiveness are paramount.

  2. Assess the right realist view that crime is the result of biological rational factors ...

    working class are welfare dependant that can cause anti social behaviour, is a very strong case that formal social control such as reducing or withdrawing benefits should be done. Realist approaches emerged in the 1970's and 80's in the political context of a shift to the right wing in politics.

  1. Assess the view that gender differences in achievement are largely the result of changes ...

    Madsen Pirie states that the modules are part of a more systematic approach to examinations, which favours girls.

  2. Examine some of the ways in which Marxists explain crime.

    the law whereby the people had to pay tax and if they couldn't pay they would be imprisoned, served the needs of the capitalist Britain as it forced people to work for them for relatively small pay. This aloud for a greater profit to be made.

  1. Poverty and Crime rates

    These 121 children would not be able to pursue their future career and earn a respectable amount of money since they would not have knowledge about the opportunities that are available to them. This would cause the children to get involved into horrible thing such as theft and burglaries.

  2. Assess the view that crime and deviance is the result of labelling, the media ...

    They become aware that they are regarded as deviants and, as a result of this awareness; they begin to develop their own subculture. This leads to more intense pressure on them and further isolation, which further confirms and strengthens them in their deviance.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work