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Assess the view that schools and what takes place within them are the main causes of social class difference in educational achievement.

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Introduction

Jemma Small Education Exam Practice (a) * The reproduction of Social Class inequalities is the idea that working-class children don't succeed as well as middle-class children in education and do not possess the cultural capital required. (b) * Financial Factors - Some parents may earn more money than others so they can afford to choose which school the child goes to. * Social Class - If a parent was more Middle-Class, they would have more involvement in the Childs education and would want them to succeed better. (c) * Create a more skilled Workforce - Schooling prepares children for the top professional work. It provides the work experience needed and provides work related skills. * Teaching of Norms and Values - Helps people be part of a wider community and a wider group. Teaches them to interact with other people and obedience * Allocated Roles - If you work harder, you are more likely to achieve a higher status. You can be allocated a job by exams and certificates so you get different achievement which increases your status. (d) * The 1944 Butler Education Act - This was known as the tripartite system. ...read more.

Middle

It assumes that education for working-class children prepares them and disciplines them for work. Similarly Louis Althusser (71) believes that the education system socialised working-class children into accepting their subordinate positions to the middle-class. He says - * It convinces students that the capitalist system is fair * It prepares people of the exploitation on the work place. He believes this is done in 3 ways - * Through the hidden curriculum - pupils learn to follow instructions in an unquestioned way * Alienation of schoolwork - Pupils cannot see much point of what they study or feel they don't have a say in hat they study. This is in relationship to work where alienation becomes something not to be questioned. * Textbooks - western societies might somehow be advanced giving the impression to students that the capitalism is the only successful economic system. This relates to the question because it shows the way schools and education appoint working-class pupils to the more exploited and less paid jobs. Likewise Marxist Bourdieu (80) has argued that schools, along with the staff that work in them are generally middle-class. ...read more.

Conclusion

* Socialising - Societies norms and valves are transmitted to pupils from one generation to the next. The education system does this by - 1. Integrate young people into their roles as loyal adult citizens - Through subjects in school and the hidden curriculum. 2. Integrate young people into their roles as workers. By giving students qualifications you reward them for their hard work in the same way was the labour process. 3. Promote as sense of national identity - Teaching history, English etc. 4. Create hard Working force - National Curriculum, A-Levels, Vocational Levels. These all relate to the question because it shows that education is about how hard you work and the effort you provide. The functions show that the education system is a good way of preparing you for the related skills and qualifications you will need to have a well paid job. To conclude my essay I think that school and what takes place in them isn't the main cause of social class. I think schooling is a good pathway provided in order for you to achieve you goals. This is only the case if the individual want to learn and work hard for a good job. Functionalist say that meritocracy isn't a myth with I agree with because its all about the individual. ...read more.

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