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Assess the view that science, religion and ideology are different types of belief systems.

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´╗┐Assess the view science, religion and Ideology are different types of belief systems. Beliefs are a set of ideas of which people place faith into and celebrate as a mass, or follow as a guideline. They are things that we hold to be true, and that explain the world around us. However, there is an ongoing debate between scientology and religion, as both can explain the world around us, however, some with empirical evidence and others without. These belief systems cause conflict with one another, as they compete against one another in a search for the truth. There is a debate amongst Sociologists as to which is more accurate or more truthful. Sir Karl Popper (1959) argues science is an open belief system where every scientist?s theories are open to scrutiny, criticism and testing by others, as well as the concept that science is based off of the principle of falsification. Scientists set out to try and falsify existing theories, deliberately seeking evidence that would disprove them. If the evidence from an experiment or observation contradicts a theory and shows it to be false, the theory can be discarded and the search for a better explanation can begin. ...read more.


He identifies four such norms called CUDOS ? Communism; scientific knowledge is not private property. Scientists must share it with the scientific community (by publishing findings), otherwise science cannot grow. Universalism; The truth or falsity of scientific knowledge is judged by universal, objective criteria (such as testing) and not by the particular race, sex etc of the scientist who produces it. Disinterestedness; This means being committed to discovering scientific knowledge for its own sake. Having to publish their findings makes it harder for scientists to practise fraud, since it enables others to check their claims. Organised scepticism; no knowledge claim is regarded as sacred. Every idea is open to questioning, criticism and objective investigation. Marxism sees society divided into conflicting classes, a minority ruling class who own the means of production and the majority working class who are property less and are forced to sell their labour. The capitalists exploit this to produce profit, thus it?s in the workers interests to overthrow capitalism and replace it with a communist society where the means of production are owned collectively, not privately and used to benefit society as a whole. ...read more.


Feminists see gender inequality as the fundamental division and patriarchal ideology playing a role to legitimise it. Because gender differences are a feature in all societies there exists different ideologies to justify it. For example Pauline marks (1979) describes how ideas from science were used to exclude women from education, such as the idea education would lead to women being unable to suckle infants. In addition to patriarchal ideologies in science those embodied in religious beliefs and practises have also been used to define women as inferior. For example women being unclean due to menstruation. However not all elements of religion subordinate women. For example in the early history of the Middle East before the emergence of monotheistic religion female deities were widespread. In conclusion, science, religion and ideology are all different types of belief systems, as some come from empirical and hardcore evidence whereas some are formulated strictly on belief and through passing down such ideas from various generations from a wide selection of cultures. Science is based upon falsification and disproving existing theories until they are unable to be disproved any further and therefore is not based off of just lore, or anything even remotely speculated to be false. ...read more.

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