• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the view that the education system exists mainly to select and prepare young people for their future roles?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Assess the view that the education system exists mainly to select and prepare young people for their future roles? The role of the education system has broadened and perhaps been restructured to apply to different eras of capitalist society. Developing ideologies around the purposes of the system towards young people have been brought forward by Marxists and highly critical perspectives by feminists have also appeared to challenge the system. Functionalists developed the concept of secondary socialisation viewing the education system as playing the role started by the family of integrating children into society and the future working world by setting rules and norms to follow in order to succeed in the educational system. Sociologist Durkheim created the theory and Parson supported his theory applying it to 20th industrial society of the America where the educational system played a functional fit to the wider economy allowing each individual to benefit from education while polishing their employability skills. Davis and Moore further illustrated the influence of the system linking it to equal opportunity where ascribed status isn?t the determining factor of an individual?s achievement within the educational system. ...read more.


In addition to this the sociologists challenge the ideology of the system referring to the hidden curriculum of the educational system which the lower classes are often unable to meet due to the cost of educational success. The idea of meritocracy has been prevented as the structural barriers within society and in turn only justified the existence of inequalities as part of society rather than rid them of affecting the educational system. Bourdieu also questions the concept of equal opportunities stating success in the educational system demands the possession cultural capital something the middle class easily meet where as the working class habitus doesn?t include. The social values of education are more institutionalised in middle class children allowing them to play around the educational system more effectively than working class children who perhaps won?t have the role models and necessary advice to succeed in a growingly tough educational system. Social policies are extremely effective in deciding the goals of the educational system according to different eras of capitalism. ...read more.


Despite appearing to control educational aims of the system most social reforms regarding education have been successful and largely suggested the ideology of meritocratic society exists and can be achieved. Sociologist Saunders? research found social policies force schools to ensure all children gaining qualifications during their time in school rather the ones sieved out of the talent pool. The educational system is perhaps more effective if analysed as gate keeper allowing the appropriate number of students through to meet the requirement of the job market rather than an institution which promotes out and out meritocracy. Studies conducted by Brown and Lauder highlighted the increasing number of graduates since the 70s until the 1st decade of the 21st century where global recession and employment problems have led to decreasing figures further pushed by social reforms of university fees. The education system is undoubtedly another government institution created publicly as a meritocracy promoter but in truth manages the regulation of achievement according to society and demands of the population as highlighted previously by reforms to promote female and working class achievement and limitation of achievement by social policies increasing university fees for undergraduates rather than encourage achievement for all. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. The education system is meritocratic

    to make sure there is not an uprising against the capitalist system but also reproduce the classes. Marxists criticise functionalist's ideas behind meritocracy for numerous reasons. Functionalists say that the free education system is proof of fairness however, Marxists disagree and talk about the existence of grammar schools (whose students are mostly from the middle class)

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    Evidence This is my summary of the unstructured interview I held on the 14th December 2004 with a member of the Norfolk Racial equality council. Before this interview I had emailed a summary of my context hoping that I would give a good starting point for my interview.

  1. Changes in the social structure of education and its impact on class and gender ...

    Many theories have been put forward by sociologists and educationalists. Material deprivation, that working class children lack money, which is in turn needed to buy books, go on trips, have a computer, a room of their own in which to study or indeed have a private tutor or attend private schools.

  2. Gender Roles

    Overall West and Sweeting have found that a modern society adds pressure to young girls as they are more involved in this society. This is proved since men showed no evidence of increased pressure because generally their role within work and their appearance has not really changed.

  1. My sociology coursework is about the segregated conjugal roles between men and women in ...

    Yes 7 No 3 Most of the respondents had children. 1 couple had 3 children. 4 couples had 2 children. 2 couples had 1 child. QUESTION: Do you both have jobs? If the wife is working and the husband is not.

  2. I have decided to base my topic upon police and stereo typing, and whether ...

    Their reason for this is, Lea and Young argue, that they feel they have less chances of success as Britain is a racist society. Another group of sociologists see the higher arrest rates as definitive evidence of police racism. This is broken down into a few sub categories.

  1. The system of whiteness.

    The same occurred when both tried to buy an apartment. The white man was given a key to look around and was told that he could move in as soon as he could. Twenty minutes later the black man was told that there were no apartment for rent and he

  2. Outline and assess the view that the role of the education system is to ...

    Bowles and Gintis did a study in which they found that low grades were related to creativity, aggressiveness and independence, while higher grades were related to perseverance, consistency, dependability and punctuality.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work