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Assess the view that the growth of family diversity has led to the decline of the traditional nuclear family.

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Introduction

´╗┐Bethan Ayers 12 D Sociology Essay Assess the view that the growth of family diversity has led to the decline of the traditional nuclear family. (24marks) Cohabitation is an arrangement where two people who are not married live together in an intimate relationship, particularly an emotionally and/or sexually intimate one, on a long-term or permanent basis. Before 1970, cohabitation was illegal in certain countries e.g. America. Due to a change in the law, Cohabitation is now a common pattern among people around the world, as well as sex/birth outside of marriage, leaving at least 50% to 60% of couples cohabitating, starting from the late 1990?s. This leads to the amount of traditional nuclear families decreasing as people want to live in companionship as nearly half the amount of marriages end in divorce, also cohabiting is an easier way as it?s much cheaper and doesn?t cause much hassle. The New Right see the decline of the traditional nuclear family and the growth of family diversity as negative trends in modern society. ...read more.

Middle

A marriage from a religious point of view was seen to be a lifelong commitment which should not have a final termination. Secularisation became more common so marriage was no longer under the control or influence of religion. Higher expectations were made when it came to marriages, not the usual expectations like fidelity and monogamy but women are left to look after the children, cook, clean, day in day out etc. (this was known as ?triple shift?) which is why there has been an increase in divorce and decrease in the nuclear family. New right believes as there is such a high divorce rate, this creates a lot more underclass leaving more people on Welfare benefits. However, Post Modernists say divorce is good as it allows freedom for both men and women which is increasing family diversity. This is why there are fewer stigmas in today?s society. Differences in sexuality have contributed to increasing diversity according to many sociologists. ...read more.

Conclusion

Now, the partners may choose to cohabit rather than marry and, if their relationship breaks up, they end up appearing in the statistics as single, never-married, parent. According to some sociologists the increase in lone parenthood is largely a result of the generosity of welfare payments. Charles Murray?s theory of the underclass is the most influential version of this viewpoint. Less stigma is said in today? society about single parents which is another reason why they have increased. 2. access to higher education 3. attitude to careers 4. beanpole family 5. birth rates 8. civil partnerships 10. confluent love 11. conjugal roles 12. 14. domestic division of labour 15. ethnic diversity 16. extended family 18. higher expectations of marriage 19. individualisation 21. life expectancy; 22. lone-parent families 23. neo-conventional family 24. new reproductive technologies 25. privatisation of nuclear families 26. reconstituted family 27. re-marriage rates 29. rise of feminism 32. serial monogamy; 34. single person households 36. the ideology of romantic love 37. the pure relationship 38. trial marriage 40. women?s paid work outside the home ...read more.

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