• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the view that the modern education system is meritocratic.

Extracts from this document...


Assess the view that the modern education system is meritocratic. A meritocracy means a fair system where pupils will achieve success on the basis of their own efforts and ability. This view sees education as a system where the most talented and hard working will succeed. According to Item A, structural theorists have competing views as to whether education is meritocratic. The view held by Functionalists is that the education system performs an essential role in the selection process of people into appropriate roles in the economy. Parsons and Davis and Moore all saw education as meritocratic. ...read more.


However, the education system, like the world of work is based on 'universalistic' values and the status is achieved. However, not all Functionalists share this view. Tumin said that Davis and Moore's work was too simplistic because there was no way of measuring the functional importance or particular jobs. Other structural theorists like Marxists see education as 'reproducing social inequality' (Item A) and reject the view that education is a meritocracy. They see that education really functions in the interest of the ruling class, Althusser saw education as an Ideological State Apparatus, which legitimates class inequality in society. ...read more.


He argued that the education system prepared working class kids for working class jobs, thus proving that we are not living in a meritocratic society. A recent report by the Rowntree Trust showed that far from there being greater equality in society, children - especially boys - from poorer backgrounds, were doing worse than before. This clearly shows that the Functionalists were wrong in their views. Recent evidence also shows that increasing numbers of successful professionals like lawyers, MPs, judges etc, generally come from Oxbridge and top public schools. Overall, we can see that the system is a long way from being meritocratic and still today the wealthier your background the more likely you are to succeed. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. The education system is meritocratic

    use to sift and sort its members into different positions in this way they believe that school is meritocratic. They view meritocracy as allowing the principles of stratification to take place where individuals are place and motivated into different positions.

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    fact that many peoples views in Norfolk are still old fashioned, and this includes the people how made decisions about the education system in Norfolk. Finally I think that the situation has changed over time, I feel that the view on ethnic minority underachievement has become less deterministic and there has been a clear movement away from cultural deprivation.

  1. Sociology of Education

    Working class children in working class areas will have to go to schools at the lower end of the educational scale unless their parents can drive them to another area. This then restricts opportunities to those families who can afford a car and have jobs that are flexible enough to allow parents to drive them out of the area.

  2. The system of whiteness.

    Watching the movie I very upset, People today are still racists and will not even give the person the time of day if they of the a different ethnic background.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work