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Assess the View that Working Class Children Underachieve Because they are Culturally Deprived

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Introduction

Assess the View that Working Class Children Underachieve Because they are Culturally Deprived It may be argued that due to lack of family structure and social, cultural and soft skills a pupil is less likely to underachieve. There are many cultural deficiencies often associated with a child's potential and achievement. Cultural deprivation is a theory that many working-class children are inadequately socialised and therefore lack the "right" culture appropriate for a successful education. It is often said that intellectual development is vital in the younger years of a child life, this refers to a child's ability to solve problems and apply concepts and ideas. Bernstein and Young argue that Middle-class families will be able to afford toys that stimulate the mind, books and pre educational essentials, whereas the working class may struggle to buy such equipment, and are less likely to select these sorts of toys anyway. ...read more.

Middle

The restricted code is typically the speech code used by the working class, usually due to areas they live in. With the restricted code, the speaker often assumes that the listener has shared the same sort of experiences meaning working class children have less of an understanding and grasp than other people. On the other hand, sociologists carried out the "Swann Report" and criticized language was not a major issue affecting a child's success. The Swann report analysed each student's background and carried out a series of tests and evaluated the correlation. A pupil's attitudes and values are a very important role in education, their philosophy (or lack of) on learning and the future can depend highly on success. Those who are culturally deprived may believe in immediate gratification and have a present-time orientation, in a "play now work later" sense. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another value often held is collectivism, this means an individual likes to feel part of a group rather than strive with independence. Race also comes into the argument, in the sense that teachers can often label and black boys are frequently perceived as badly behaved and under achieving. However Errol Lawrence challenges this view and blames it on racism. To conclude, the extent to which working-class children are affected by their cultural values and socialisation is more vast than that of a middle-class pupil. Sugarman outlines four main factors that affect this; Falism; Collectivism; Immediate gratification and present-time orientation. It has been proved that children of working class families have a much higher chance of possessing these traits, and this can often lead to labelling and a negative attitude towards education, resulting in failure. ...read more.

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