• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Black Male perception, of Secondary School Attainment and Opportunities. "Explore reasons for the academic underachievement of black males. To what extent is this due to ethnic differences?"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Black Male perception, of Secondary School Attainment and Opportunities. "Explore reasons for the academic underachievement of black males. To what extent is this due to ethnic differences?" During this essay the ethnic group referred to as African/Caribbean are those who have a Black African or Caribbean ancestry only. This is referred to as an ethnic group and not a race. The term racism in this essay refers to systematic discrimination both within the structures of the institution of schooling and interaction between individuals based on negative perception of assumed racial characteristics The aim of my project is to investigate the reasons and experiences faced by black males that determine their success and failure in school. I will be assessing Black males in English state secondary schools. The word ?ethnic? is my focus word in this essay. There are vivid distinctions between those of different ethnicities who in which as classified as the same race. For instance Afro Caribbean?s perform considerably poorer than black Africans. Since the 1960s Afro-Caribbean children have been labelled and identified as underachievers (see Taylor; 1981, Tomlinson; 1983)[1]. I am concerned primarily with Black males as they have been identified as the social group with having negative experiences within mainstream secondary educational institutions (Sewell). Recently, efforts have been made across the country to respond to the underachievement of black males in education. Over the years the issue of underachievement for black males has become increasingly prolific. These initiatives fall into three categories. Firstly many sate schools have recognised the gap within the attainment of young Black boys, so they have introduced Aim Higher schemes for those who are largely underrepresented in higher education and at a disadvantage in the education system purely because of their gender and ethnicity. Secondly, related initiatives have been developed to encourage these students to focus on careers. These efforts provide specific units, activities, or courses to help these students understand specialised workplace requirements. ...read more.

Middle

I do not suspect teachers of the school to be racist per say but there may be underlying reasons for these trends. Maybe because the curriculum is considered to euro-centric and oppressive to black culture. Also it could be due to the East Asians having a strong community within the school, having clubs separate to those of other ethnicities. In my attempt to stop students thinking that my research was specifically race orientated I only provided a box for their country of origin, which was optional. Gladly many did fill this in but four did not and when I collected them into male and female I found that the four who didn't fill in their names turned out to be girls, which wasn't necessary to my study. So I was presented with the clear distinction between black Caribbean and those who were black African as you can see in chart a, which proceeds to my third theme of black Caribbean?s. My fourth and final theme is IQ. When analysing my finding it was clear those who perceived that teachers believed in their academic success also believed that teachers respond to their needs and give them help when needed. This again points to the East Asians having a high level of positive response. I have devised an assessment unit that will decide whether the students hold a positive view of their school. With the score scale being 1-5. 1 being disagree strongly and 5 being strongly agree it was very easy to tally the scores, as all the question followed a particular structure: my school... or the teachers at my school... followed by a statement they could essentially rate true, false or indifferently. I asked the students 10 questions as I thought it could provide a reliable mean. A score less than or equal to16 means that the student has a positive view of their school. ...read more.

Conclusion

CONCLUSION Whilst conducting my research I wish I could find a way to interact with all the necessary participants including the black boys obviously but also their parents, the teachers and even the pastoral leader to obtain the most sufficient data. If I could collate the data in such a way I could be provided with a deeper comprehensive understanding of my participant?s perception of the experience in secondary school education for a black male. Even having done a brief less in depth study consistencies can be drawn from many of the texts analysed. It is obvious that my results in the graphs/ charts point to a pattern of low achieving and teacher attention, this is possibly due to teacher labelling becoming the self fulfilling prophecy. Specifically I am referring to teachers possibly being offended by the black male?s dress code or appearance, the teacher then labels the student and acts upon that label ignoring the student. The student acknowledges that label and prophesises it allowing the label to become his master status. I believe teacher and pupil relationship is the most important factor affecting the academic achievement of black males as the factors that have been most compelling and have a great deal of research and evidence to support its theories tend to be internal factors - referring to the occurrences in school. IQ is definitely an outdated argument and the reason for Afro Caribbean major underachievement is still beyond my knowledge. The following quote sums up my conclusion to why many black males underachieve in education ?My teacher doesn't care about me, so why should I care? Word count: 4,620 ________________ [1] http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/425/1/Gosai09PhD_A1a.pdf see page 11 [2] - http://www.csus.edu/indiv/o/obriene/art7/readings/benetton.htm [3] Carmichael and Hamilton 1967 Black Power [4] Stephen Lawrence Enquiry 1999 p.28 [5] 8. MacPherson Report 1999 [6] http://atschool.eduweb.co.uk/barrycomp/bhs/alevel_rev/pdf_files/ethnicity.pdf [7] http://www.theguardian.com/education/2008/sep/05/raceineducation.raceinschools [8] My questionnaire responses [9] ?Self fulfilling prophecy? (Rosenthal and Jacobson, 1968). [10] http://www.earlhamsociologypages.co.uk/ethedessay.html [11] http://www.theguardian.com/education/2008/apr/22/schools.pupilbehaviour [12] http://www.theguardian.com/education/2008/sep/05/raceineducation.raceinschools [13] http://www.londonspovertyprofile.org.uk/indicators/topics/low-educational-outcomes/free-school-meals-at-16/ [14] http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/bitstream/2438/6260/8/FulltextThesis.pdf page 34 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Autobiography - I am going to write about the first day at secondary school.

    Then once every one had come in, then the assemble started certificates were given out, and I only got one for excellence in design technology, but I was still pleased that I got one.

  2. How do the three factors of class, gender and ethnicity affect achievement in education?

    Schools can be seen as being feminised. They are passive, obedient environments which girls are more likely to conform too. Schools do not nurture masculine traits such as leadership and competiveness. In recent years, teaching has become more female dominated.

  1. Possible reasons for boys underachievement at school.

    Non manual work and by extension schoolwork, is seen as effeminate and inferior. As a result working class boys tend to reject schoolwork to avoid being called gay. Another claim is that boys fall behind because education has become 'feminised'.

  2. Outline the reasons for gender differences in subject choices

    Sure Sharpe (1994) compared the results of interviews she conducted with girls in the 1970's and the 1990's. The finding show a major shift in the way girls see themselves and their future In 1974, the girls Sharpe interviewed had low aspiration; they felt educational success was unfeminine and believed that if they

  1. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    The main issue is to find out the best method that suits the nature of my research. Along side this it is important to know how practical and ethical my research is. I have decided to use unstructured interviews for my research.

  2. Demography topic revision notes. The study of populations and their characteristics is called ...

    However, from about the 1950s, medical factors began to play a greater role. For example, mass immunization against childhood diseases such as whooping cough, diphtheria and later measles, the use of antibiotics to fight infection and improved midwifery and obstetric techniques, all contributed to a continuing fall in IMR.

  1. BTEC NATIONAL LEVEL 3 ...

    They control a lot of assets, and may have billions in cash at their disposal for socially conscious investments and programs. Some companies may engage in "greenwashing", or feigning interest in corporate responsibility, but many large corporations are devoting real time and money to environmental sustainability programs, alternative energy/cleantech, and

  2. Outline and assess the view that processes within school results in differences in educational ...

    Gillborn et al found that teachers were quick to discipline black students over white students for the same behaviour. Gillborn argued this is because teachers have expectations in that they expect black students to present more behaviour problems and often react to their own misinterpretations of behaviour which leads to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work