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Childhood began when children became separated from adults. Involved in that evolutionary step are numerous changes accounting for this massive transformation, involving both the society and its social construction on what should be the roles of a child a

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Introduction

Childhood began when children became separated from adults. Involved in that evolutionary step are numerous changes accounting for this massive transformation, involving both the society and its social construction on what should be the roles of a child and how the child was depicted. Industrialization saw childhood as we know it now a very different term and had an overwhelmingly different concept than that of today. Proof of the child's role in this era was down to the research of Philippe Aries, who stated 'children were seen more as economic assets than a symbol of people's love for one and other' He used the term 'young adults' which was created due to the gathering of theories from his research in 1962 which was based on letters, paintings and documents retrieved and carefully studied from medieval times. The art historian Berger in 1972 had very similar and almost identical views as Philippe. In the industrialization times, children were treated poorly, this is only according and in comparison to our current views, back then it was both accountable and acceptable to treat children in such manners which in today's sociological views would be utterly deplorable. In this specific period children were seen as adults, they dressed, participated in the same activities and jobs as adults and they received equal harsh punishment for disobedience. ...read more.

Middle

children from working in factories and mines (labour acts and Pilcher- legislation banning children from factories and mines), this was a huge landmark, it enabled the idea of society to come up with schooling for the children. Education had become more and more common, however it was first caught on by the upper classes, it took the lower class a little longer to begin to send their children to school mainly because they were less financially privileged (In 1870 the Elementary education act came in, it set the framework for the schooling of children over the age of five and under the age of thirteen in England and Wales). These previous stated acts, gave way to various other child 'values'. Children started to receive special treatment. Soon after these acts, children became banned from most jobs, the Forster act in 1870, showed the beginning of elementary education (this is when women started to stay at home and look after the children and became compliably less independent). In the eyes of society children had their own needs separate from that of adults, children psychologists and doctors even started to develop in society (i.e. paediatricians). Another fine example was the work of Gittens in 1998, he stated that the decline in infant mortality and the decline in birth rate after World War II, led families to value their children more, they became the objects of fun and pleasure. ...read more.

Conclusion

objects that point view saying that childhood is not disappearing, but becoming more complex and ambiguous. Children are still dependent on their parents, but have their own opinions and views, which makes them independent to some extent. Fact, childhood is indeed a social construction! The laws and regulations about what a child is meant to be in this day and age are comical, why should a 'child' be able to smoke and get married at sixteen yet reluctantly is banned from voting and contributing in the decision of our countries next political leader until the age of 18? However compared to industrialization where children were cruelly and obliged to work under horrendous conditions and were incapable of receiving an education, society from a different perspective has grown. Children went from young adults forced into unfair labour, to being recognised and innocent children, is it now possible that due to the mass media and other factors in today's society that childhood is once again disappearing and that the concept of young adult will be reinstated? From child exploitation and neglect to excessive child rights in today's world (EMA, CMEC, etc...) all proves how ideas and concepts of childhood and the positions of children will continuously revolutionize between time periods and societies from one extreme to another. ...read more.

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