• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and contrast Functionalist and Marxist theories of education

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare and contrast Functionalist and Marxist theories of education Education in schools have important effects on society which include transmitting cultural values and contributing to the social stratification. However, sociologists do not agree on how to interpret these effects. Functionalists believe education helps stability and functioning of society, whereas conflict theorists, such as Marxists see education as justifying and perpetuating inequality. Functionalists believe that schools transmit the culture of a society from one generation to the next and schools are there to continue the process of socialisation that begins in the family. Children therefore are socialised into sharing sets of values and culture, creating a sense of identity within a community or society, learning to have respect for authority and a sense of fair play or feelings of patriotism towards one's country. ...read more.

Middle

Marxists, however have opposing views because in Marx's view the ruling class use education to transmit its ideology to the rest of the population, as it is a far more effective means of domination. This ideology persuades the working class to accept its position, enabling the ruling class to maintain its power and privilege to perpetuate the class structure. In schooling in Capitalist America (1976) Bowles and Gintis claim that there is a close correspondence between the social relationships in the classroom and those in the workplace. This is known as the correspondence theory, whereby new generations of workers are appropriately schooled to accept their roles in capitalist society. Teachers give orders and pupils are expected to obey, having little control over their work. ...read more.

Conclusion

Whereas, on the other hand, Marxists see the same process as the installing of the ideology for most of those from working-class backgrounds. There are, however, similarities between them as they both agree that school is prepaying you for the workplace, both agreeing that conformity and obedience is encouraged in the school system. However, functionalists believe there is equal opportunity, as opposed to Marxists who don't. The two theories also agree that the school does not just teach the official curriculum. There is a hidden curriculum, which socialise you, but one says its there to make you feel bonded to society and the other believes it's to exploit people. Therefore the question continues to remain, is society meritocratic or do some start with an advantage based on their social background? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Critically Evaluate the Functionalist Perspective on Education

    5 star(s)

    This then leads to teachers having lower expectations of lower bands so that while they are enthusiastic to begin with they finally loose concentration and are forced into vocational subjects.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Comparison Of Marxist And Functionalist Views On Education

    3 star(s)

    The education system has different levels of socialization, primary schools sort people according to their general level of ability; secondary schools then begin the process of specialization in specific abilities and, accordingly, direct some to work and others on to further education.

  1. Compare and contrast the Marxist and Functionalist views on the role of education in ...

    A, where there educational curriculum has introduced the pupils to take an oath to the Stars and Stripes at the start of every school day, and so they are committed to their society at an early age. However a criticism to these norms and values that he talks about

  2. Assess Functionalist and Marxist approaches to the relationship between education and economy.

    Davis and Moore agreed with Parsons that education is a way of role allocation, but they 1inked it more closely with closely with the social stratification system. The education system sifts, sorts, and grades individuals to their talents and abilities.

  1. Compare and contrast Marxists, Feminist, Functionalists, Third Way and New Right views of the ...

    the introduction of tax credits and those on high incomes pay more tax for far fewer benefits. Poverty is relative and can as a result never be eradicated, however not all benefits target the poorest in society. Universal benefits such as child support and NHS are avaibable for everyone, therefore

  2. Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the contribution of functionalist sociology to ...

    David Reynolds said that it's difficult for capitalists to control schools and said it's difficult because when most teachers close the door they work independently. Paul Willis (1977) recognised the existence of conflict within the education system and he rejects the view that there is any simple, direct relationship between the economy and the way the education system operates.

  1. According to Marxist, the main aim of the education system is to provide capitalist ...

    According to Bernstein, because formal education is conducted in terms of the use of an elaborated code, middle class students are at an advantage. This is because they will not only be able to clearly understand what is being taught, but will also be able to express themselves in an abstract and logical manner.

  2. A comparison of the Marxists and Functionalists Approaches to Education

    He largely ignores the importance of sub-cultures in schools, most people fall in between conformity and rejection. Willis may have also misinterpreted some evidence to fit his own theories. His work was also done in the 1970s, so the attitudes of the working class males may have changed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work