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Compare and contrast Marxists, Feminist, Functionalists, Third Way and New Right views of the welfare state

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Introduction

Compare and contrast Marxists, Feminist, Functionalists, Third Way and New Right views of the welfare state The "welfare state" usually refers to an ideal model of provision, where the state accepts responsibility for the provision of comprehensive and universal welfare for its citizens. The term 'welfare state' in the United Kingdom was suggested, following the second world war, to represent a vast expansion of state involvement in the provision of social welfare. The objectives of the welfare were announced in 1942 by Sir William Beveridge, based around the theory of economist J.M Keynes, the architect of the post-war welfare reforms, as the abolition of 'Want, Idleness, Squalor, Ignorance and Disease', by which Beveridge meant poverty, unemployment, poor housing, and lack of access to decent health and education services. The major pillars, therefore,of the sought welfare state were a National Health Service which provides free health care to all citizens, education that was provided free of charge, a major slum clearence programme and expansion of low-rent housing, and a comprehensive ...read more.

Middle

The New Right (Murray) therefore the welfare state infact causes poverty, both directly and indirectly. Due to high taxes which prevent people from starting their own businesses thus preventing the 'trickle down of wealth'. High taxes hurt the poor most and cause them to fall into the poverty trap. The welfare state has according to the New Right also causing welfare dependancy, people are encouraged to stay on benefits and not to support themselves. This view is disregarded by Functionalists who argue that the welfare state has benefitted society, as it was never intended to reduce inequality. Hill claimedthat the rich can afford private education and health care, as the stae sector is non profit and due to the high uptake the quality ishigh and the private sector. However those paying for private education and healthcare are forced to pay twice for these services due to taxation, to pay for the public sector. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hegemonnic marxists believe that the media, education and religion lead us to believe that we live in a democoacy that is free and cares about the needs of its workers. The welfare state according to marxists is merely a ruling class devised 'sop' that prevents us from discovering our true class position and that we have been exploited by the bourgoise. In 1945 the welfare state aimed to eliminae poverty in Britain, if we look at the situation from an absolute definition of the word, then it has been a sucsess however due to the relative defition of poverty elimination will never be possible. there are many different opinions of the subject of the welfare state and its sucessess and failures, with its attempts to help the poorest in society. As an institution that was intended as a tempoary post war measure that has now been running over 60 years it shall most probably be debated for another 60 years before any agreement on the subjct can be reached. ...read more.

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