• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Concept of freedom - Is it possible to measure if anyone is free to any degree? Can freedom be proven?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1. Is it possible to measure if anyone is free to any degree? Can freedom be proven? Freedom can hardly be measure as freedom is a controversial abstract concept which people have different interpretations over it. We do not have an absolute definition over the term "freedom" and thereby there is no absolute operationalization used to measure freedom up to these days. Still, it is commonly agreed by the sociologists that freedom is bounded by many social forces including culture, social institutions, social positions and the like; and under all these social forces, the control over choices and directions that one can enjoy is freedom. By this commonly agreed definition, it is obviously that there is no absolute freedom because of the social constraints; what's more, the definition of freedom is always changing according to the unceasing change of social forces. Therefore, we can never measure the extremity of freedom. ...read more.

Middle

However, such socially constructed reality is not always legitimate as it seems and in occasions it limits the actions that we may enjoy. Free thoughts in such sense allow critical evaluation over the existing socially constructed reality and may bring changes to the social institutions, structures or positions to allow freer action that people previously cannot enjoy. However, we should also noted that sometimes though social forces have already been mended because of new ideas generated through free thoughts of some people, actions are still being limited because of the deeply rooted old belief in society as a whole and it is always hard for people to have free thoughts. For instance, though the caste system has been legally abolished since 1950, the lower class especially the Dalit people are still seriously discriminated against by the other classes of the society and their actions, such as receiving education and having political rights, are greatly constrained because the thoughts of people in general are still controlled by old social position system that Dalit are outcasts and thus fail to think freely. ...read more.

Conclusion

Traditional authority: In some indigenous communities which still have a extended family structure such as the communities in walled villages of Hong Kong, the first born male child enjoy the privilege of inheritance. He is also the authority figure of the community. It is legitimated by the sanctity of tradition handed down from the past and is through heredity under patriarchy system. Charismatic authority: Mother Teresa, a very well-respected Catholic religious figure who is regarded as one of the real servants of God because of her morality and contribution to charity in the third world countries. Her exemplary character, faith and spirit inspire Catholics around the world to live truly as a Catholic following God's will. Her heroism of ministering the poor and needies of the third world countries impresses Catholics and greatly influence their attitudes. Rational-legal authority: Any bureaucratic officials or political leaders. Their authorities are empowered by legal rationality, legal legitimacy and bureaucracy. They implement policies without any interference of people but based on law with legitimacy to govern people. ?? ?? ?? ?? Week 4 Assignment ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Hong Kong Wealth Gap

    Therefore, the government does very little things or set up little policies to solve the wealth gap problem in Hong Kong. The taxes and the prices of goods keep increasing which heavier the onus of poor people. Census and Statistics The most recent census conducted by the government shows the

  2. America's Freedom

    The weather had equalized everything. There was not much philosophy; and it was a more simple time. There was simply no idiom, or ideology to go against." However, the first step to fulfilling society's equality was on the horizon, for the first protests for women's equality had begun.

  1. An investigation into people(TM)s belief about Hell

    people who believe in Hell; and issue of great interest due to the growth of Religious Fundamentalism in the east, and secularisation in the west. The next set of questions will be asking whether the participant believes in Hell or not (In this case Hell will be defines by the person's own beliefs)

  2. In what ways is 'race' socially and spatially constructed?

    In 1790 the US Census stated race as `White or Other' as the named races. By 1860 citizens could classify themselves as White, Black or Mulatto, by 1870 American Indian and Chinese were added to the categories. The same was evident on the other side of the Atlantic in Britain.

  1. "Guilty," freedom, strength, relief.

    It was the week of my thirteenth birthday, towards the end of my second term at Lowood when I heard the inauspicious words for the first time. "Can Amelia Brown please report to the headmaster's office." I sat at my desk startled as the whole class turned their perfect heads of neatly plaited hair towards me.

  2. Does Multi-Culturalism depend on Removing Ideas of Ethnicity from the Concept of Nation, and ...

    ETHNICITY DEF The formation of states as nations implies the cultural definition of an ethnic majority. Within the concept of 'nation' is the idea of who and what comprises the nation. In an ancestral or biological sense of the nation, either multi-ethnicity within the nation is excluded or minority ethnicities are perceived as being less than full members.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work