• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Crime and Deviance: Assess sociological explanations of ethnic differences in the patterns of crime and deviance.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Crime and Deviance: Assess sociological explanations of ethnic differences in the patterns of crime and deviance. Statistics show that there is a profound difference in crime rates between black people and white people, they are over represented in prisons and they fear crime more than white people. Sociologists have many explanations for these findings some suggesting that they are accurate and try to explain why, others that assume they are inaccurate and try to explain how. The traditional approaches such as Shaw and McKay in 1931 believed that the statistics were correct and tried to explain why. They linked racial minorities and crime simply because they were more likely to live in areas that were socially disorganised. Messner also looks along the lines of location and believes that black people live in areas of social deprivation and that this frustrates them so they turn to crime as a way of getting out of the deprivation. ...read more.

Middle

In 40% of cases the victim cannot describe the race of a non-white, they cannot identify between Indian, African or Chinese offenders. They believe that ethnic minority criminals are more likely to be less favourably treated in courts by the judge and jury, also they are more likely to get longer sentences and are six times more likely to end up in prison. Smith in '97 disagrees with this view and says that the proportion of black people at the beginning of the legal system is the same as at the end. Another approach is the combined approach, as it suggests it uses a combination of approaches to try to explain ethnic differences in patterns of crime. It combines critical criminology and sub-cultures with the ideas of economic marginalisation, they say that the capitalist system has failed the ethnic minorities and that this marginalisation is made to be ideological as well as it is a capitalist strategy to produce subservient cheap reserve labour. ...read more.

Conclusion

He also suggests that many beliefs about black criminality are myths created by the capitalist society and extreme police bias. Gilroy's views have attracted strong criticism from John Lea and Jock Young, especially the police bias theory, as 92% of crimes known to police are brought to their attention by members of the public. Post modernists criticise many of the modernist theories in that they say modernist theories emphasise the sameness of criminals where as differences should be emphasised. They reject an all-embracing truth. Also they say that modernists use their own discourse, which prevents ethnic minorities from being understood. Many of these theories don't explain why only a small number of black people turn to crime or why it is mainly young males who commit crime nor do they examine differences in class, therefore in conclusion many are lacking in explanations and so cannot fully explain the differences in crime statistics between black and white people. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Sociological Theories on Crime and Deviance

    * Egoistic suicide occurs when people feel completely detached from society. This helps explain the high rate of suicide among the elderly in the United States. Ordinarily, people are integrated into society by work roles, ties to family and community, and other social bonds.

  2. Assess sociological explanations of social class differences in crime rates

    Diffusion of responsibility; a single individual is rarely blamed, punishment is often widespread * Diffusion of victimisation; many corporate crimes are described as victimless, as they do not appear to overtly negatively affect people like murder and robbery does Because of these

  1. Free essay

    Assess the view that crime and deviance is the result of labelling, the media ...

    Miller believes that everyone has their own focal concerns (goals). Lower class people that are more likely to be in low skilled labour and dead end jobs leads to them trying to find excitement and thrills outside the work place.

  2. Sociological explanations for patterns in ethnicity and crime

    Bowling and Philips argue that victims are influenced by (racial) stereotypes are culturally determined expectations as to who commits crime. Certainly, research by Bowling's (1999) indicates that where offenders is not known, white people are more likely to ascribe the crime to those of African Caribbean origin study.

  1. Compare and Contrast the Main Sociological Theories of Deviance.

    indicates a society that is sick, which means that it is suffering from social disorganisation. Durkheim does not, however, provide any indication of what a 'normal' crime rate might be, or how it could be calculated. There was a paradigm shift in criminology in the 1960s which can loosely be called labelling theory.

  2. Assess the usefulness of realist explanations of crime and deviance

    In terms of the social order and crime prevention view, crime reduction means raising the benefits of conformity and increasing the costs of crime. This argument goes hand in hand with Wilson and Hernstines argument that crime rates will change if there are changes in the costs and benefits of committing crime.

  1. Outline and Assess Sociological Approaches to Social Control Within Crime and Deviance

    A key to gaining power is to control what is considered to be knowledge, and the methods of gaining knowledge. Those who succeed in having their definition of knowledge accepted gain power, and in turn will use it to enforce their view of the world.

  2. Crime and deviance in Trinidad and Tobago

    According to the UN Office on the Drug and Crime Report of 2002, the causes of crime and deviance in the Caribbean are poverty and unemployment among others which relate to the lack of access to the legitimate opportunity structure.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work