• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Crime and its effects on society. Police Reform Act 2002 The police reform act impacted mainly onto the police obviously due to giving PCSOs (Police Community Support Officer) more power to control anti social behaviour

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

TASK 1A: REPORT P1-Crime and disorder legislation The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 placed a new responsibility on local authorities, police and other agencies to work mutually in the development and performance of strategies to reduce crime and disorder. This advance was supported by the publication of the Morgan Report (1991), which argued for a statutory duty to be placed on crime lessening agencies, such as the police and local authorities, to work together for common targets. This report was acted upon with the creation of the 1998 act. The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 created 376 local Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships in England and Wales. These strategies must reflect local needs and priorities which mean that different crime and disorder partnerships around the country will be aiming to tackle different areas of crime depending on what is a problem locally. The priorities addresses by a multi-agency partnership could be any of a number of issues depending on local needs. The Criminal Justice Act 2003 This was brought in by parliament as a way of modernizing parts of the criminal justice system. The act looked at amending the law relating to police powers, bail and disclosure of evidence. It permits offences to be tried by a judge sitting alone without a jury in cases where there is a danger of jury-tampering. ...read more.

Middle

It will also impact on them because police officers were given the power to order under 16s to send them home after nine, this will also affect communities because it will make them feel safer both in their homes and out on the streets because there will be more control held by the police. The police will also be impacted because their officers will be carrying more responsibility do make the right decisions. D-1 Widens the use of antisocial behaviour orders (asbos) to allow local authorities, registered social landlords and the British Transport police to apply for asbos. � Allows police and community support officers to issue dispersal orders to any group of two or more people, within a designated area, whose behaviour they believe is likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to members of the public. Refusing to leave or returning to the area constitutes a criminal offence. � Grants police officers the power to order young people under the age of 16 to return home after 9pm. � Creates on-the-spot fines for noise, graffiti and truancy. � Creates closure orders. Quickly nicknamed the "crack house closure order" this provision enables the police to shutter premises used for the supply, use or production of class A drugs for a period of up to six months. ...read more.

Conclusion

combating poor parenting, they are put against parents who's children have committed a crime such as truancy or behaved in an anti social manner. The worst case scenario for a parent is that they could be put in prison, they can also be charged up to �1000 or attend parenting classes Reparation Orders: These are used to help offenders see the consequences of their offending. They order the offender to repair the harm they caused directly or indirectly to the victim or to the community. For example cleaning graffiti. This is overseen by a youth offending team. Restriction Of Liberty Order: Tis is an order that require the offender or offenders to remain in or out of a specific area for a certain amount of time. Community Rehabilitation Order: It was formally a probation order(sentence) given out by a court for criminals aged 16 and over. It is for a period of between 6 months - 3 years. This makes the offender accountable for their crime and is also to resolve any personal issues. Restorative Justice: This encourages the offender to take responsibility for their actions e.g. apologizing to the face of the victim, returning stolen money/possessions. In addition, it provides help for the offender in order to avoid future offences. Restorative justice that fosters dialogue between victim and offender shows the highest rates of victim satisfaction and offender accountability. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Crime: Social construction or reality?

    Three per cent of the total crimes constituted robbery and theft. The media was uninterested in the other 97 per cent of crimes. For the 3 per cent of robbery and theft, 55 per cent of those offenders were black.

  2. Assess the right realist view that crime is the result of biological rational factors ...

    If the perceived rewards of crime (money) outweigh the perceived costs of crime (prison) then they are more likely to commit. Or if the rewards of crime appear to be greater that those of non-criminal behaviour, then people will be more likely to offend.

  1. Referring to the John Duffy "Railway Rapist" case to illustrate, discuss the strengths and ...

    The skill of the individual profiler determined whether the police officers were satisfied with profiling generally. 'Indeed the research suggests that, at this stage of the development of profiling in Britain, approaches to profiling are idiosyncratic' (Copson, 1995). Britton (1997)

  2. Inequalities within the 'Criminal JUSTICE System/Process'

    (from Ashton and Wilson 1998 p87-8). Imprisonment: 5.5% of population are of ethnic origin: 17% of Males and 24% of female prisoners are black. Afro-Caribbeans are 1.5% of the general population but make up 11% of the male and 20% of the female prison population.

  1. ‘Discuss the use of alternative strategies of crime prevention and reduction.To illustrate your answer ...

    They then go on to say that in their studies of key problem areas, and the schemes to clean them up, they found that: 'where a mix of measures is introduced, including design, management and social development measures, overall crime levels fall - not just the levels of particular crimes such as burglary, and stay down longer'.

  2. What was the impact of the 1829 Metropolitan Police Act?

    The main recommendations were the creation of a central police office under two magistrates freed from all other duties, the combination of all the regular police forces in the London area (excluding the City), and the cost of the new establishment is taken from the Treasury.

  1. My hypothesis I expect to find that the official crime statistics in ...

    since April 2005, also the British crime survey results from the south west, however I could not find the number of crimes recorded by police in the south west, this may be because the police do not record there results in the same regions.

  2. WHY DO YOUTHS IN CARE OFFEND AND REOFFEND?

    All participants will be asked set questions which I have organized; the questions asked will be focused on my research questions and research objectives. I will hand out questionnaires at the end. The potential user of the research can vary from youths in care, young people as a whole, family

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work