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Crime and Punishment.

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Introduction

Crime and Punishment In this particular crime, four generals who served under the rule of Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet were convicted of being implicated with the assassination of a trade unionist who had called for protests days earlier, this act made him an enemy of the state. At the time, the martial government viewed the victim, Tucapel Jimenez, as a threat to their grasp on the country so he had to be eliminated. On the other hand, the people of the time saw this as another injustice committed by a fascist government desperate to remain in power and cut short any potential uprising. The people of Chilli still hold this view today; with many more opting for campaigns to bring to justice the senior officials who gave the orders to commit these various atrocities and assassinations during their time in power. ...read more.

Middle

The first is to try to dissociate itself as much as possible from the previous regime; much like post-war Germany did with the Nuremberg trials, and the second being due to increasing public pressure on the government to try the perpetrators. On the other hand, by the end of the twentieth century, the changing attitude of the government had a direct impact on its approach to punishment. The country was now run as an institutional monarchy by a democratically elected Government, which no longer sought solely to conduct foreign affairs and prevent revolution, but undertook a new role as an influence on the way people lead their lives. Capital punishment had now been abolished as prisons had become the most common form of punishment, with 90% of serious offenders sent to prison. ...read more.

Conclusion

Fines were the most common form of punishment in manor courts and were also used for minor offences such as swearing, gambling, and failing to attend church. Transportation was slowly being introduced but would not really take off until the next century, when the Transportation Act of 1718 would be introduced. This is not a particularly new crime, as throughout time most rulers and people in power have always had to eliminate possible threats to their reign even from within from within their own people. The country was now run as an institutional monarchy by a democratically elected Government, which no longer sought solely to conduct foreign affairs and prevent revolution, but undertook a new role as an influence on the way people lead their lives. The only recent change is that certain post-dictatorship states have started to look back at the previous regime and tried them for what they deem to be injustices. ...read more.

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