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crime and punishment

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Nghi Le CJ353 Essay 1 Community Policing By the late 1970's, resulted from massive immigrants, the communities within America had become a diverse pool of nationalities, subcultures, and attitudes (Barlow 1996, p.651). People often identified themselves as parts of separate groups and at times the police was not part of what they called "us". During this time, a burst of new ideas and changes in the political and economic structure began to occur that would eventually bring about a new kind of police officer. In this changing environment, police leaders felt the need to reflect on these problems and their overall image with the public. In their attempts to understand what was going wrong, many studies and experiments were sponsored. One of them, the Kansas Study proved that, no matter how many police officers are devoted to random patrolling, there is no effect on the actual crime rate. (Bureau of justice asst. pg. 13-65) The government had recognized the problems of crime fighting and the problems of police and community relations as far back as 1967. However, it took years later for that idea of a "new kind of police officer" to develop and this has provided a whole new model for policing. ...read more.


For those agencies that were able to succeeded in creating a good public-police relation, forgets to re-concentrated themselves with the end result of their goals, which was the actual impact that their streamlined organization have on the problem the police are called upon to handle. Also some of the agencies seem reluctant to move beyond the "means over ends" syndrome plateau and move toward creating a more orderly end product (Goldstein 1979). The "means over ends" syndrome was one of the negative sides of community policing, and probably best sum up into this quote by an unknown author, "Community policing is a patient in critical condition whose survival looks bleak." In another word, this unknown author tries to say that community policing is a patient that affected by this "means over ends" syndrome and other symptom and its survival seems dreary. As history has shown, in order for the police to maintain a good social order, they have to use certain policing style for certain types of social disorder. For instances, slavery police to kept the slavery from escaping, industrial police to suppress riots and strikes, municipal police and etc. ...read more.


As mention earlier, community policing focused more on the communities and create programs for the community's members to participate and understands the importance of their cooperation and involvements. In addition, "community policing require polices to step out of their real role of being law enforcer and pushes them into the broader role of generalist social servants" (Carter 1999, p. 209). For instance, for those citizens who call the police for a non-criminal and non-violent act, (such as domestic disturbance, noise complaint...) should get the responses from the police? Should the citizens who pay taxes for their security have the right to define the broad types of activities they want from their police to do? If the police don't responses then who will? This is where community policing play the generalist social servant roles, it now much easier for the police officer to handle since they already know the community's members and community's problems. The bottom line is that community policing is the application of modern management thought to the business of policing. Whether a business or public service, the management goal is to direct the organization with the greatest efficiency and effectiveness. This includes, responding to customer needs and demands, solving the problem, not responding to symptom, and involving customer in setting priorities (Carter 1999, p. 212). ...read more.

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