• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Crime is both deterred and prevented by the use of imprisonment.' Discuss

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

OPTION TWO 'Crime is both deterred and prevented by the use of imprisonment.' Discuss. Imprisonment is a process of incarceration whereby the confinements of deviant members of society are segregated into confined spaces where the offender is punished according to the criminal justice system. I will in this essay discuss the process of the prison being used as a product of crime control against the notion of reforming and rehabilitating offenders. I will also evaluate the claim that crime is both deterred and prevented by the use of imprisonment. Imprisonment has been around for centuries, it was seen as a way of removing unwanted offenders from society. Historically England led the way in developing the prison system; correction houses would hold the town beggars and vagrants. In the 18th century prisons were used for 3 main reasons, the firstly being as a custodial establishment for those that were awaiting sentencing, the second in a coercive manner, for defaulters of fines and debt, and finally as a punitive measure, the state's intention is to inflict a punishment to the offender, although prison is now seen as the last resort, it is still the main form of punishment. Incapacitation advocates the protection of society by removing criminals from the rest of society therefore preventing the chances of them committing further crimes, but this does not necessarily deter them from further offending upon their release. ...read more.

Middle

Using prison as a general deterrence, by using an individual criminal as an example to the rest of society is what the state generally tries to accomplish rather than a specific deterrent concentrating on an individual punishment so that they do not re-offend. The prison system itself has seen a dramatic increase in prisoners over the years as such it has encompassed various problems. The cost of containing prisoners is very high and increasing all the time, this is paid for out of the taxes that we as a society pay. Overcrowding is also seen as a major problem that has profound affects on the prisoners being held. The highest proportion of prisoners are victims of other failing social factors, they are mostly unemployed, uneducated, homeless, drug addicts, poor parents with poor social skills, they see crime as a more promising prospect than that of unemployment and poverty, of which poverty is the main cause of crime, because of the failed systems of state control deviant individuals are forced to turn to crime, they try and escape the poverty trap, these crimes are products of desperation. This criminal underclass as described by Feeley and Smith (3) in their description of The New Penology whose main objective is not to punish or rehabilitate but to manage unruly groups. ...read more.

Conclusion

present prison system with the introduction of the probation service this can be an alternative to prison, other alternatives to prison include tagging, reparation and drug treatment and testing. Classification of prisoners to enable the appropriate security is already implemented in most prisons. Segregating hardened criminals from the petty ones can only happen if the overcrowding in prisons is addressed. Within the prison establishment they now offer Enhanced Thinking Skills, (ETS), courses, which have proved invaluable to some of the prisoners, but with the problem of overcrowding it, is making it difficult for some to access the courses. (7) According to Claudia Strut (8) head of Erlestoke prison, shows how important managerial processes are in prisons, Claudia emphasis the need to prepare offenders for resettlement into the community to ensure the offender does not re-offend. For this to work 3 main conditions need to be provided. The offender needs to know that there is human contact on the outside, there needs to be an assurance that family and friend support is eminent on their release. The second is shelter to provide physical well being, and finally money or a basis to earn their own legal money, with these 3 things in place the offender is less likely to return to prison. WORD COUNT: 2190 WORDS Sharon Ebanks T274910X TMA04 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Punishment and Prisons. This essay shall describe the changes in the methods of punishment ...

    There was however the exception of 'debtors prisons' (up until 1865); these were prisons used to hold those who owed money, until they repay their creditors. Unfortunately many could not repay their debt and consequently spent many years imprisoned. Without prisons the chosen methods of punishment up until the late 18th century were; execution (often by 'hanging'), torture and exile.

  2. The Value of Non-custodial/community Sentences Over Imprisonment.

    Staff running the therapy sessions have found that there is a lot of hostility towards the scheme, with a third of attendees failing to show up after the first two hour personality test and a further third dropping out after the first few sessions.

  1. Discuss the effectiveness of the Prison system, and its purpose in relation to its ...

    yet in 2001, they only represent 9% of the population, half of the current prison population. A Home Office research in 1990 found that ethnic minorities were more likely to receive longer prison sentences in comparison to their white counterparts yet there was little evidence to suggest the ethnic minorities were committing more serious offences.

  2. Referring to the John Duffy "Railway Rapist" case to illustrate, discuss the strengths and ...

    Thus, it is thought that the way in which the crime is committed is in part a reflection of the everyday traits and behaviour of the individual. The interaction between the offender and the victim is thus studied closely and categorised.

  1. Inequalities within the 'Criminal JUSTICE System/Process'

    Problematic in as much as fundamental decisions may be made that may affect an individual. Morality, culture and politics... About dangerous: Nash (1999 p20) argues that it is often difficult to explain and understand behaviour which is seen as dangerous; therefore it can be seen that the person who kills

  2. The Application Of Forensic Science In the Detection of Crime

    The only evidence that was found at the scene of the crime was an unusual piece of fibre (carpet), it was this fibre, which led a trail to the suspect and matching DNA evidence led to the conviction.

  1. Britain has one of the largest prison populations in Europe and the system is ...

    Since David Blunkett's hard line speeches in 2002, the Howard League for Penal Reform who have been monitoring the prison numbers since 2001, noticed that the actual number of people being sent to prison had been constant until he started making tough speeches about crime and punishment.

  2. Criminal justice policy.

    (Umbreit and Roberts, 1996, p14 and 23). In Wales, 1997, this figure was also 90% and in the SACRO Scheme in Aberdeen, 1997, the figure was 87% (Braithwaite and Liebmann, 1997, p11-17). With the case study, I believe a mediation programme for the three juveniles would be appropriate.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work