• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Crime is both deterred and prevented by the use of imprisonment.' Discuss

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

OPTION TWO 'Crime is both deterred and prevented by the use of imprisonment.' Discuss. Imprisonment is a process of incarceration whereby the confinements of deviant members of society are segregated into confined spaces where the offender is punished according to the criminal justice system. I will in this essay discuss the process of the prison being used as a product of crime control against the notion of reforming and rehabilitating offenders. I will also evaluate the claim that crime is both deterred and prevented by the use of imprisonment. Imprisonment has been around for centuries, it was seen as a way of removing unwanted offenders from society. Historically England led the way in developing the prison system; correction houses would hold the town beggars and vagrants. In the 18th century prisons were used for 3 main reasons, the firstly being as a custodial establishment for those that were awaiting sentencing, the second in a coercive manner, for defaulters of fines and debt, and finally as a punitive measure, the state's intention is to inflict a punishment to the offender, although prison is now seen as the last resort, it is still the main form of punishment. Incapacitation advocates the protection of society by removing criminals from the rest of society therefore preventing the chances of them committing further crimes, but this does not necessarily deter them from further offending upon their release. ...read more.

Middle

Using prison as a general deterrence, by using an individual criminal as an example to the rest of society is what the state generally tries to accomplish rather than a specific deterrent concentrating on an individual punishment so that they do not re-offend. The prison system itself has seen a dramatic increase in prisoners over the years as such it has encompassed various problems. The cost of containing prisoners is very high and increasing all the time, this is paid for out of the taxes that we as a society pay. Overcrowding is also seen as a major problem that has profound affects on the prisoners being held. The highest proportion of prisoners are victims of other failing social factors, they are mostly unemployed, uneducated, homeless, drug addicts, poor parents with poor social skills, they see crime as a more promising prospect than that of unemployment and poverty, of which poverty is the main cause of crime, because of the failed systems of state control deviant individuals are forced to turn to crime, they try and escape the poverty trap, these crimes are products of desperation. This criminal underclass as described by Feeley and Smith (3) in their description of The New Penology whose main objective is not to punish or rehabilitate but to manage unruly groups. ...read more.

Conclusion

present prison system with the introduction of the probation service this can be an alternative to prison, other alternatives to prison include tagging, reparation and drug treatment and testing. Classification of prisoners to enable the appropriate security is already implemented in most prisons. Segregating hardened criminals from the petty ones can only happen if the overcrowding in prisons is addressed. Within the prison establishment they now offer Enhanced Thinking Skills, (ETS), courses, which have proved invaluable to some of the prisoners, but with the problem of overcrowding it, is making it difficult for some to access the courses. (7) According to Claudia Strut (8) head of Erlestoke prison, shows how important managerial processes are in prisons, Claudia emphasis the need to prepare offenders for resettlement into the community to ensure the offender does not re-offend. For this to work 3 main conditions need to be provided. The offender needs to know that there is human contact on the outside, there needs to be an assurance that family and friend support is eminent on their release. The second is shelter to provide physical well being, and finally money or a basis to earn their own legal money, with these 3 things in place the offender is less likely to return to prison. WORD COUNT: 2190 WORDS Sharon Ebanks T274910X TMA04 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Punishment and Prisons. This essay shall describe the changes in the methods of punishment ...

    The idea of imprisoning offenders is a relatively new development; until the late 18th century prisons were (usually) only used to hold offenders who were awaiting trial, or those who had already been convicted but awaiting the implementation of their sentence, (tripod.com).

  2. The Value of Non-custodial/community Sentences Over Imprisonment.

    Staff running the therapy sessions have found that there is a lot of hostility towards the scheme, with a third of attendees failing to show up after the first two hour personality test and a further third dropping out after the first few sessions.

  1. Some People are just Born Deviant. Discuss.

    Edwin H. Sutherland (1939) released a series of four explicit statements called Principles of Criminology. He came up with nine theories to support his posit, he suggested that criminal behaviour was a learnt trait and not biological as Lombroso argued.

  2. ‘Discuss the use of alternative strategies of crime prevention and reduction.To illustrate your answer ...

    This new tack by the Conservatives tried to get people to help the police to prevent crime altogether, but also to assist them in catching perpetrators. The Neighbourhood Watch scheme for example, encouraged people to take note of comings and goings in your area so as to perhaps catch burglars (Gilling 1997:95).

  1. Discuss the effectiveness of the Prison system, and its purpose in relation to its ...

    In 2001, over a third of prisoners were sent to prison for offences relating to theft, fraud, robbery, and burglary. With offences involving violence against the person making up 25% of offences for which persons were imprisoned and drugs related offences at 20%.

  2. Referring to the John Duffy "Railway Rapist" case to illustrate, discuss the strengths and ...

    Worked for British Rail. Raped wife at knife point. David Canter (1994) believes that criminals, like most people behave consistently. An analysis of the pattern of behaviour observed over a number of crimes committed by a serial offender will give clues about the non-offending everyday behaviour of the criminal.

  1. Inequalities within the 'Criminal JUSTICE System/Process'

    * Efficiency and cost effectiveness are paramount. * It is characterised by 'performance indicators', 'quality service', the creation of 'partnerships' and 'what works'. Example of a mix of welfarism and managerialism and potential for inequality and discrimination: Proposed policy on mental disorder from the 2000 white paper, relates to defining risk and predicting danger: * Compulsory procedures

  2. Which is more effective - punishment by imprisonment or with in the community?

    Community Supervision may provide better longer- term protection. If prison has not done anything to change offending behaviour, it cannot be said in the long term, to protect the public. If Community Sentences are effective at weaning offenders away from a criminal lifestyle, they may, in many cases offer the most effective long-term protection of the public.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work