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Critically compare cultural and structural theories of the social patterning of health and illness.

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Introduction

´╗┐TASK 2 in an essay format of 750 words, ?critically compare cultural and structural theories of the social patterning of health and illness. (AC/ 2.1) To discuss how structural theories in social patterning have an effect on health and illness with cultures. Structure is formed from theoretical approaches with shape the culture of society theses effects housing, education and employment status. The Cultural aspect form how social contents of class how they live their life?s, through region, exercise, diets, smoking and alcohol. I will compare how the cultures bear the impact of structural theories along with the illness that occurs within it. The social patterns look at the health within the sociological influences. The structure of society is formed from many different approaches that it contributes, to, and has a hold on cultural lifestyle. Society is made up of different sociological approaches will discuss two theories within sociology Functionalism, Marxism. All these approaches developed the structure of society. I will discuss and compare how each of these theories has effect and contributed to behavioural factors which have had an impact on people?s lifestyles and their health. The formation of functionalism was leaded by Emile Durkheim (1858 ? 1917) ...read more.

Middle

Material resources within this approaches will be define along with the behaviour. Marxism is a structural theory like functionalism the social structure is form from Karl Marx (1818 -83) ideology of Capitalism influenced specialised division labour of two main classes within society. Proletariat known as the working class and Bourgeoisie the ruling class of society; benefiting from the means of production whiles the other class known as working class, behave in a controlled society characterizing economic life?s , working class were reliant on investment by Capitalism, working class have no means of production only to use the system for wages as a survival Ruling class are ruler of the lower class and through a hierarchy lifestyle they benefited in every aspect of the working class. .This system created a legitimate illusion of acceptances, by the ruling class where exploration of labour and unequalise treatment and income, was initiated to became part of the working, class or false class consciousness. Marxism is strikingly different to functionalist theory as it is dominated by hidden curriculum from the actions of Cultural Capital this views was argued by Althusseer (1997) The ruling class had such an elitist ideology that they encourage educational institution to exclude subjects: sociology, economics and politics in 1988, as these subject were seen as threats resulting in capitalist inequality if pupils were allowed to study in these subjects. ...read more.

Conclusion

Health is a fundamental aspect of life the fact we are born in to a society which defines social class literally mapping out an individual?s life expectancy, your status of health compare to an individual from a group with cultural capital continue to divide social group and what is contributes in to the type of live a person can live. Being unhealthy in any sociological approach barriers still remain in the society. There is evidence of inequality with the division of class and preferred lifestyle. Superstructure created by Bourgeoisie exploiting Proletariat to maintain economic production within society, transmitting common values through the myth of mentocracy capitalist social order. Eduardo Bonilla Silva (2011) refers to racilized social system. As racial inequality from the dominant group systemic compliances where often resources are denied housing, education, employment, income and health: because of the Cultural attributes associated with a system designed to the middle class to succeed by default. Cultural Capital assets were seen to have a greater valve in society compared, to working class, cultural attributes, that were associated with limited social mobility and experiences of social exclusions justified personal acceptance of failure. Bourdieus (1977). Institutions are in ways still compliant with sociological theories effecting peoples lives of different races, disability or experiencing the border line of poverty. ...read more.

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