• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cultural deprivation and class differences in achievement

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Sociology Homework ?Elaborated speech code? is when a wide vocabulary and complex sentence structure is used in the place of colloquial short language. Free school meals were introduced for materially deprived children to help the parents with school costs. ?Sure start? is a government policy to tackle poverty and social exclusion by providing integrated education, care, family support, health services and support with parental employment. Operation Head Start (in the United States) is a multi-billion dollar scheme of preschool education in poorer areas. Its aim was ?planned enrichment? of the deprived child?s environment to develop learning skills and instil achievement motivation. It included improving parenting skills, setting up nursery classes, home visits by health visitors and educational psychologists, and the creation of intensive learning programmes for deprived children Material deprivation is a lack of basic necessities such as a healthy diet, housing, clothing or the money to buy these things. In education, material deprivation explains working class under achievement as the result of the lack of resources because they cannot afford them. Many sociologists see material deprivation as the main cause of under achievement. ...read more.

Middle

The pair reached similar evaluations as they investigated the way mothers think about selecting and buying toys to aid their childs intellectual development. During their study they found that middle class mothers are more likely to select toys that encourage and aid thinking/reasoning skills which will give their children a head start when starting school and furthermore will help them in later life. However although a childs intellectual development may be viewed as a important skill which will determine a child?s intelligence it could be argued that it would only affect the beginning of their ?educational journey? rather than their whole educational experience. Another aspect which is seen to determine cultural deprivation is language. Bernstein 1975 identified the various language differences between both working class and middle class language which could determine achievement levels, he came to the conclusion that working class families are more likely to use the ?restricted code? and the middle class the ?elaborated code? The restricted code consists and is seen to use little, unelaborated and often unfinished vocabulary/sentences while assuming that the listener understands the same experiences hence tend to be less descriptive than analytical. ...read more.

Conclusion

Immediate gratification, the hedonistic idea of enjoying pleasure/freedom now rather than sacrificing life in order to progress in life rather than the middle class view of sacrificing for greater rewards later in life, and lastly present time orientation in which the working class see the present more important than the for coming future hence do not have goals for life rather than the middle class view of planning for success. As the division in educational achievement is becoming increasingly wider the social policy of compensatory education was introduced, they are government education policies such as operation Head Start in the USA (which made the programme Sesame Street) that seek to tackle the problem if under achievement by providing extra support sand funding to schools and families in deprived areas, with the hope of captivating young children installing them with attitudes and values needed for success in education. Overall although cultural deprivation can have a serious effect on a child?s educational success we must not just accept that some social groups and ethnicities will be the result of a general stereotype, instead we must enforce various ways of reaching out to individuals to ensure that education is fair and undivided to all by such programmes such as Head Start in order to decrease educational underachievement ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. cultural deprivation theory

    contrast to middle class children who have been inculcated with the view that education is worthwhile. Douglas (1964) focuses on the key role of parental aspirations, claiming that working class parents are less interested in formal education of their children, and hence in their success.

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    Yet he found that it was the teachers views of black culture that held the children back, "a widely held belief among teachers that black parents are particularly likely to fail to provide adequate support...(has) proved to be a myth".

  1. How do the three factors of class, gender and ethnicity affect achievement in education?

    Boys and girls arrive in school with gendered interests and behaviour based on early socialisation. For example, boys tend to play more with construction toys than girls. It can be argued that boys are not socialised in a way that suits the process of being educated.

  2. Explain the influence of social class and gender on educational achievement

    Furthermore she found that they had very traditional ideas of womanhood probably received from patriarchal ideology like 'A woman's place is in the home' (cited in sociology in focus' and thus she concludes: 'Marriage and homemaking appear as a meaningful distraction or welcome release for those with boring jobs or

  1. Outline some of the ways in which culture deprivation may lead to education under ...

    A sociologist such as Douglas (1964) investigated material deprivation to find out if it does actually apply to the underachievement of working class pupils. Material deprivation is lacking money and what things that money can buy for example books and computer.

  2. Using material from item A and elsewhere, assess the extent to which material deprivation ...

    thought on a formal one, meaning they see less value in going on to college or university?. Another home factor that can affect achievement is linguistic deprivation. Linguistic deprivation is the limitations in a persons use of language, which could have an impact on their education, for example a when

  1. Should we assume that stratification is natural and therefore inevitable? Is class merely about ...

    Parents are also feared about violence towards girls in public places. When we talk about the theory of Karl Marx and Weber, Marx mostly says that ?social class is a group of people who stand in a common relationship to the means of production?.[4] Marx to some extent placed primary

  2. Assess the view that the schools and what takes place within them are the ...

    These children were then told that they were ?gifted?. They subsequently received praise and encouragement from their teachers, and when given a second set of IQ tests, performed better than they did before and then their peers. While the ethics of this experiment are more than questionable due to the level of deception, and can be criticised because of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work