• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cultural deprivation and class differences in achievement

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Sociology Homework ?Elaborated speech code? is when a wide vocabulary and complex sentence structure is used in the place of colloquial short language. Free school meals were introduced for materially deprived children to help the parents with school costs. ?Sure start? is a government policy to tackle poverty and social exclusion by providing integrated education, care, family support, health services and support with parental employment. Operation Head Start (in the United States) is a multi-billion dollar scheme of preschool education in poorer areas. Its aim was ?planned enrichment? of the deprived child?s environment to develop learning skills and instil achievement motivation. It included improving parenting skills, setting up nursery classes, home visits by health visitors and educational psychologists, and the creation of intensive learning programmes for deprived children Material deprivation is a lack of basic necessities such as a healthy diet, housing, clothing or the money to buy these things. In education, material deprivation explains working class under achievement as the result of the lack of resources because they cannot afford them. Many sociologists see material deprivation as the main cause of under achievement. ...read more.

Middle

The pair reached similar evaluations as they investigated the way mothers think about selecting and buying toys to aid their childs intellectual development. During their study they found that middle class mothers are more likely to select toys that encourage and aid thinking/reasoning skills which will give their children a head start when starting school and furthermore will help them in later life. However although a childs intellectual development may be viewed as a important skill which will determine a child?s intelligence it could be argued that it would only affect the beginning of their ?educational journey? rather than their whole educational experience. Another aspect which is seen to determine cultural deprivation is language. Bernstein 1975 identified the various language differences between both working class and middle class language which could determine achievement levels, he came to the conclusion that working class families are more likely to use the ?restricted code? and the middle class the ?elaborated code? The restricted code consists and is seen to use little, unelaborated and often unfinished vocabulary/sentences while assuming that the listener understands the same experiences hence tend to be less descriptive than analytical. ...read more.

Conclusion

Immediate gratification, the hedonistic idea of enjoying pleasure/freedom now rather than sacrificing life in order to progress in life rather than the middle class view of sacrificing for greater rewards later in life, and lastly present time orientation in which the working class see the present more important than the for coming future hence do not have goals for life rather than the middle class view of planning for success. As the division in educational achievement is becoming increasingly wider the social policy of compensatory education was introduced, they are government education policies such as operation Head Start in the USA (which made the programme Sesame Street) that seek to tackle the problem if under achievement by providing extra support sand funding to schools and families in deprived areas, with the hope of captivating young children installing them with attitudes and values needed for success in education. Overall although cultural deprivation can have a serious effect on a child?s educational success we must not just accept that some social groups and ethnicities will be the result of a general stereotype, instead we must enforce various ways of reaching out to individuals to ensure that education is fair and undivided to all by such programmes such as Head Start in order to decrease educational underachievement ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. How do the three factors of class, gender and ethnicity affect achievement in education?

    Girls now also get a higher rate of passes at A level and more grade As that boys. Nowadays women are the majority of undergraduates in British universities, comprising 55% of the total. Figures like these show boys as the underachievers.

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    CONTEXT When ethnic minority underachievement in education is assessed in sociology the main focus is what the cause of such a gap is when the educational system and schools give out such mottos as 'success for all'. Therefore it is my wish to find out the most valid reason for this underachievement.

  1. How do the three factors of class, gender and ethnicity affect achievement? Can they ...

    Bernstein argues that elaborated form of language is the norm for middle class adults such as teachers and their children, whilst the restricted form is the norm for working class adults and their children, mainly because middle class children are more likely to have been socialised in a home environment that creates an elaborated language code.

  2. Free schools are an interesting idea but the government needs to be very careful ...

    Standards for school would therefore not rise uniformly for everyone which would be a big disadvantage and there would also be low community cohesion which is explained above.

  1. cultural deprivation theory

    This results in low self-esteem and expectations and often, particularly in the case of males to the emergence of sub-cultures, characterized by resistance to school or grudging conformity. Often, also, children backgrounds are viewed as inferior by teachers, in

  2. Should we assume that stratification is natural and therefore inevitable? Is class merely about ...

    Social inequalities are obvious in education system, as they are in the broader society, though in much of the developed world, girls are doing better at all level of education than boys, which is studied reversal from the early twentieth century.

  1. Outline some of the ways in which culture deprivation may lead to education under ...

    A sociologist such as Douglas (1964) investigated material deprivation to find out if it does actually apply to the underachievement of working class pupils. Material deprivation is lacking money and what things that money can buy for example books and computer.

  2. Using material from item A and elsewhere, assess the extent to which material deprivation ...

    grammatical structure, with little use of adjectives and adjectival clauses and adverbs. The meaning and intention is more likely to be expressed by gestures and the context in which the conversation takes place. As well as this restricted code is more bound by social group, meaning that the contexts are no readily shared among the rest of society.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work