• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cultural hyrbidity

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"CONTEMPORARY UK SOCIETY HAS EXPERIENCED THE FORMATION OF A COMMON CULTURAL HYBRID." EXAMINE AND EVALUATE THIS VIEW IN TERMS OF EXPLAINING ETHNIC IDENTITY. The fusion of cultural and ethnic identities refers to hybridisation. Most people acknowledge that they can be affiliated with an individual culture. Banton (2000) notes that "in the contemporary UK ethnicity is becoming increasingly recognised as something everyone has".1 Common interests or shared values help form and develop cultural attachment's (culture, descent, ancestry, religion, languages, food and traditional values) which in turn develops and forges ethnic identities. Migration of ethnic minorities has stirred some of the UK's population into feeling the British national identity is under threat. Hybrid identity can be attributed to the exchange of culture through globalisation. Sheila Patterson (1965) studied first generation migrants in Brixton, London during the 1950's. Her study involved interviews, observation and participant observation with 250 whites and 150 Afro-Caribbean's. Patterson (1965) believes the relationship between hosts and immigrants as not fixed but evolving all the time; "Whilst adaption through socialisation and acculturation was difficult for immigrants, the host's experience was a more passive form of acceptance."2 Eriksen (2002) points out that "no serious scholar today believes that hereditary characteristics explain cultural variations."3 Patterson (1965) ...read more.

Middle

Demand has been met for ethnic cultures with regards to consumer item's, these items are not exclusive to one culture and are now used by many different people regardless of ethnicity. This is particularly true of the younger generation. Schools in England have noted a marked increase in the number of pupils classed as ethnic minorities, January 2008 pupils classed as ethnic minority origin made up 23.3% of primary school children an increase of 1.4% from the previous year. Secondary school enrolment 18% in 2007 to 19.5% in 2008 whilst special schools in 2008 showed those classed as ethnic minorities attributed to 19.3% of the pupils.11 In England 40% of Muslims live in London where they make up 8.5% of the population. There are also large numbers of Muslims in Birmingham, Manchester, Bradford, Luton, Slough, Leicester and the mill towns of Northern England.12 Muslims were the largest religious group after Christians. There were 1.6 million Muslims living in Britain in 2001. This group comprised 3 per cent of the total population and over half (52 per cent) of the non-Christian religious population.13 Religion was the only voluntary question on the census 8% of the population choose not to answer it. ...read more.

Conclusion

Western culture has been powerfully influential in the changes to both immigrants and hosts; socialisation and the degree of assimilation have also been prominent factors. Whilst cultures continue to mutate, common cultural hybridity and the extent it exists is difficult to determine. 1 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives p154 2 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P167 3 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P171 4 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P167 5 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P167 6 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P167 7 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P168 8 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P168 9 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P168 10David Childs Britain Since 1945: a political history p193 11 DCFS Statistical first release pupil characteristics and class sizes http://www.bitc.org.uk/workplace/diversity_and_inclusion/race/facts_and_stats.html#ethnic_diversity_and_employment_in_london 12 DCFS Statistical first release pupil characteristics and class sizes http://www.bitc.org.uk/workplace/diversity_and_inclusion/race/facts_and_stats.html#ethnic_diversity_and_employment_in_london 13 http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=954 Census 2001 accessed 5 May 2011 14 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P174 15 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P175 16 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P175 17 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P175 18 Syvia Hadjetian Multiculturalism and Magic Realism? Between fiction and Reality P115 19 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P168 20 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P220s ?? ?? ?? ?? Lisa Savage 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    to address therefore if it was happening they wouldn't do anything about it. They also failed to push their black students hard enough because they wouldn't point out their weaknesses. Another group of teachers were the 'anti-racists', who she found to be over zealous and made misguided attempts to make

  2. Demography topic revision notes. The study of populations and their characteristics is called ...

    have fewer children and lavish more attention and resources on these few. Future trend in birth rates As a result of the above factors, birth rates, fertility rates and family sizes have fallen over the last century. However, as we saw earlier, there has been a slight increase in births since 2001.

  1. Assess the causes and consequences of changes in the UK population

    * Medical improvements played almost no part in the reduction of the death rate from infectious diseases up until the 1950's. Medical knowledge was so poor it was likely to have increased the rate rather than decreasing it. After the 50's antibiotics, widespread immunisation, blood transfusions, higher standards of midwifery

  2. The issue of two interwoven entities - personal identity and ethnicity

    This idea is well illustrated in the following statements: "(...) society needs to unite (...) instead fighting with each other and making (...) problems" "there should be unity, but more of the mankind" "(...) it's important for people to have a bond with their country (...)"

  1. Race or religion? The impact of religion on the employment and earnings of Britain's ...

    Ethnic groups are Black Caribbeans, Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis, African Asians and Chinese. (1) It is possible to distinguish between those born in the UK and those born abroad since the definition of ethnic group in the FNSEM provides information both on ethnic group and on family origin.

  2. Key Perspectives in Sociology

    on domestic assaults reported to the police in all of Edinburgh and one district of Glasgow (cited Taylor et al 2005). The figures were a secondary source of data and we can see from the above table that the information it contained was qualitative as it was concerned with numbers and statistics.

  1. Compare and contrast any two major theoretical perspectives in Sociology.

    The infrastructure shapes other parts of society such as the government, family life, the education system and religion, viewed as a whole it?s known as the superstructure. Most societies are based upon exploitation of some groups by others. Those who own the means of production such as factories and land,

  2. Diversity in Contemporary British Society

    services both to their own members and to the community more generally. They have been playing a significant part in the regeneration of socially and economically disadvantaged communities. To make a positive contribution to society, people of different faiths and cultures need to feel safe and secure.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work