• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cultural hyrbidity

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"CONTEMPORARY UK SOCIETY HAS EXPERIENCED THE FORMATION OF A COMMON CULTURAL HYBRID." EXAMINE AND EVALUATE THIS VIEW IN TERMS OF EXPLAINING ETHNIC IDENTITY. The fusion of cultural and ethnic identities refers to hybridisation. Most people acknowledge that they can be affiliated with an individual culture. Banton (2000) notes that "in the contemporary UK ethnicity is becoming increasingly recognised as something everyone has".1 Common interests or shared values help form and develop cultural attachment's (culture, descent, ancestry, religion, languages, food and traditional values) which in turn develops and forges ethnic identities. Migration of ethnic minorities has stirred some of the UK's population into feeling the British national identity is under threat. Hybrid identity can be attributed to the exchange of culture through globalisation. Sheila Patterson (1965) studied first generation migrants in Brixton, London during the 1950's. Her study involved interviews, observation and participant observation with 250 whites and 150 Afro-Caribbean's. Patterson (1965) believes the relationship between hosts and immigrants as not fixed but evolving all the time; "Whilst adaption through socialisation and acculturation was difficult for immigrants, the host's experience was a more passive form of acceptance."2 Eriksen (2002) points out that "no serious scholar today believes that hereditary characteristics explain cultural variations."3 Patterson (1965) ...read more.

Middle

Demand has been met for ethnic cultures with regards to consumer item's, these items are not exclusive to one culture and are now used by many different people regardless of ethnicity. This is particularly true of the younger generation. Schools in England have noted a marked increase in the number of pupils classed as ethnic minorities, January 2008 pupils classed as ethnic minority origin made up 23.3% of primary school children an increase of 1.4% from the previous year. Secondary school enrolment 18% in 2007 to 19.5% in 2008 whilst special schools in 2008 showed those classed as ethnic minorities attributed to 19.3% of the pupils.11 In England 40% of Muslims live in London where they make up 8.5% of the population. There are also large numbers of Muslims in Birmingham, Manchester, Bradford, Luton, Slough, Leicester and the mill towns of Northern England.12 Muslims were the largest religious group after Christians. There were 1.6 million Muslims living in Britain in 2001. This group comprised 3 per cent of the total population and over half (52 per cent) of the non-Christian religious population.13 Religion was the only voluntary question on the census 8% of the population choose not to answer it. ...read more.

Conclusion

Western culture has been powerfully influential in the changes to both immigrants and hosts; socialisation and the degree of assimilation have also been prominent factors. Whilst cultures continue to mutate, common cultural hybridity and the extent it exists is difficult to determine. 1 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives p154 2 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P167 3 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P171 4 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P167 5 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P167 6 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P167 7 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P168 8 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P168 9 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P168 10David Childs Britain Since 1945: a political history p193 11 DCFS Statistical first release pupil characteristics and class sizes http://www.bitc.org.uk/workplace/diversity_and_inclusion/race/facts_and_stats.html#ethnic_diversity_and_employment_in_london 12 DCFS Statistical first release pupil characteristics and class sizes http://www.bitc.org.uk/workplace/diversity_and_inclusion/race/facts_and_stats.html#ethnic_diversity_and_employment_in_london 13 http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=954 Census 2001 accessed 5 May 2011 14 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P174 15 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P175 16 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P175 17 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P175 18 Syvia Hadjetian Multiculturalism and Magic Realism? Between fiction and Reality P115 19 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P168 20 Haralambos and Holborn Sociology Themes and Perspectives P220s ?? ?? ?? ?? Lisa Savage 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Demography topic revision notes. The study of populations and their characteristics is called ...

    One reason for this is the increase in immigration because, on average, mothers from outside the UK have a higher fertility rate than those born in the UK. Babies born to mothers from outside the UK accounted for 22% of all births in 2005.

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    to address therefore if it was happening they wouldn't do anything about it. They also failed to push their black students hard enough because they wouldn't point out their weaknesses. Another group of teachers were the 'anti-racists', who she found to be over zealous and made misguided attempts to make

  1. Assess the causes and consequences of changes in the UK population

    As the death rates are falling, the life expectancy is increasing. Males born in England in 1900 could expect on average to live until they were 50 (57 for females), however males born in England in 2003-5 can now expect to live for 76.9 years (81.2 for females).

  2. Following the publication of the Macpherson Report, the police service has been accused of ...

    In March 1999 only 14% of ethnic minority officers were to be found in promoted ranks within the police compared to 23% of white officers. Therefore despite the number of minority officers slowly in increasing the numbers of those getting to higher ranks continues to remain very low.

  1. The issue of two interwoven entities - personal identity and ethnicity

    Europe, which reflects the ethnic pattern of immigration specific for New Jersey), and the native-born Americans, whom I treated as a sort of control group. They returned the total number of 68 questionnaires, among which 47 were answered by the newcomers and 21 by the Americans from families living in the US for more than two generations.

  2. Outline and account for the disadvantages experienced by minority ethnic groups in British society.

    Most shocking of all, while the city council claimed to be an 'equal opportunities employer', only 490 out 30,410 council employees were black. Nationwide, Asians in particular have been the target of increasing harassment and attacks. For example, submitting job applications from candidates matched in every way except ethnic origin.

  1. Compare and contrast any two major theoretical perspectives in Sociology.

    form of generally agreed principles, norms and values upon which a system of trust can be based. This called the collective conscience which is a common agreement by society formed on the basis of a moral social order which he referred to as social solidarity.

  2. Diversity in Contemporary British Society

    Their viewpoint needs to be respected. But most people of faith want to engage, alongside others, in the activities of the ?public square?. For some this will take the form of direct involvement in the political process, while for others ?active citizenship? will be expressed mainly through voluntary service to the community.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work