• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe and explain the job opportunities available to women before 1914.

Extracts from this document...


Lauren Pluss 10 G Describe and explain the job opportunities available to women before 1914. The job opportunities available to women before 1914 depended on their class. The working class had the more demanding jobs, the ones that required more labour. The middle class workers did not have to work but some women wanted too, these jobs did not require as much labour. The upper class women often did not work, they had no need to. Some of the upper class women went to university to train to be doctors (for teaching you did not have to train, until1870's and 1880's). The main reasons that women had to start working were that some families needed the money, sometimes even children had to go to work. It was common for girls from the age of eleven to start work, they would usually 'go in to service.' Other reasons were that they had no male to support them, they wanted independence or they wanted some of there own money to spend. ...read more.


Women in general were paid a lot less than men. Before 1950 there were few nurses, these occupations were for people that had been refused elsewhere. They were paid poorly so on off duty hours they were prostitutes or got drunk. Middle class women had better jobs than the working class, they had office jobs, were shop assistants or housewives (when they were married). For the skilled workers living standards were rising, this meant people wanted better goods. The department store opened this met the demand. Women were employed at department stores because they could be paid lower wages. This opened another job for the middle class women. Many women found it better going to work in the department stores then going into service. Another job that had opened for the middle class women was operating the telephone switchboards (when they opened). The first telephone exchange was in 1879. The typewriter was also invented, men believed that women were better at this sort of work than themselves. ...read more.


She wanted people to respect nurses and to get rid of the old image. The school she set up was called The Nightingale School of Nursing at St. Thomas', London. Another scheme set up was the Queen Victoria Jubilee Institute. Members of this could organise there own time as they worked with the community. The upper class women either went to university to train to be doctors or for further education or they stayed at home. No upper class women did jobs as they did not have to, the men always did the hard jobs and earned lots of money therefore there was no need for these women to go to work. In the1851 census it was shown that half of all women in Britain were in paid work and two thirds of these woman supported themselves. This shows that the job opportunities for women had increased and better jobs were available. Women went from agricultural work to factory work or even to department store work. The amount of women now working had risen this had then increased the amount of women who wanted to be independent. Lauren Pluss 10G ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. To what extent did women become more emancipated in the period 1800-1914? In 1800 ...

    The death rate was also dropping at the same time due to many medical advances and better general care. Because of the compulsory education act many working class girls could also now get better paid jobs. However with all these advances there was still discrimination.

  2. What were the lives of people like in the 19th century cities?

    A cylinder would be the final touch - the hat looks perfect with the suit. Mr. Davenport would be well educated, either in a private school, boarding school or he would have private lessons at home. I think the last point would be most like to be true.

  1. Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914 at the outbreak of ...

    Only ten percent of children attended after the age of twelve and only ten per cent of those ten per cent were girls. This meant only one percent of girls received secondary education. Hence, it was difficult for women to do much to improve their situation: they had fewer rights

  2. 1) Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914?

    In World War One, women played a vital role in keeping soldiers equipped with ammunition, and in many senses they kept the nation moving through their help in manning the transport system. With so many young men volunteering to join the army, and with so many casualties in Europe, a

  1. What was the Status of women in 1850?

    Until 1870 some working class girls attended factory or workhouse schools. The rest, if educated at all, went to small fee paying schools run by older women, or to schools set up by religious foundations. After 1870 State schools were introduced and by 1918 school was compulsory for all children up to the age of 13.

  2. The struggle for the emancipation of women.

    Also the Universities and Colleges such as the Cheltenham Ladies College were a break through in women's education.

  1. Based on our brainstorming our job was to build a scene describing what we ...

    It was well thought out and planned. Their space was used very wisely, with everything in front of the class. I liked that each character had their own personality. The idea on having the beggar fired, gambling all his money, lost all his girlfriends and wrecking his car was pretty good.

  2. A Vindication of the Rights of Women Chapter Summaries - Chapter One: The Rights ...

    serious business, the pursuit of pleasure gives that insignificancy to their character which renders the society of the great so insipid. Chapter 4: Observations on the State of Degradation to Which Woman... Thesis: That woman is naturally weak, or degraded by a concurrence of circumstances, is, I think, clear.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work