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Describe and explain the job opportunities available to women before 1914.

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Lauren Pluss 10 G Describe and explain the job opportunities available to women before 1914. The job opportunities available to women before 1914 depended on their class. The working class had the more demanding jobs, the ones that required more labour. The middle class workers did not have to work but some women wanted too, these jobs did not require as much labour. The upper class women often did not work, they had no need to. Some of the upper class women went to university to train to be doctors (for teaching you did not have to train, until1870's and 1880's). The main reasons that women had to start working were that some families needed the money, sometimes even children had to go to work. It was common for girls from the age of eleven to start work, they would usually 'go in to service.' Other reasons were that they had no male to support them, they wanted independence or they wanted some of there own money to spend. ...read more.


Women in general were paid a lot less than men. Before 1950 there were few nurses, these occupations were for people that had been refused elsewhere. They were paid poorly so on off duty hours they were prostitutes or got drunk. Middle class women had better jobs than the working class, they had office jobs, were shop assistants or housewives (when they were married). For the skilled workers living standards were rising, this meant people wanted better goods. The department store opened this met the demand. Women were employed at department stores because they could be paid lower wages. This opened another job for the middle class women. Many women found it better going to work in the department stores then going into service. Another job that had opened for the middle class women was operating the telephone switchboards (when they opened). The first telephone exchange was in 1879. The typewriter was also invented, men believed that women were better at this sort of work than themselves. ...read more.


She wanted people to respect nurses and to get rid of the old image. The school she set up was called The Nightingale School of Nursing at St. Thomas', London. Another scheme set up was the Queen Victoria Jubilee Institute. Members of this could organise there own time as they worked with the community. The upper class women either went to university to train to be doctors or for further education or they stayed at home. No upper class women did jobs as they did not have to, the men always did the hard jobs and earned lots of money therefore there was no need for these women to go to work. In the1851 census it was shown that half of all women in Britain were in paid work and two thirds of these woman supported themselves. This shows that the job opportunities for women had increased and better jobs were available. Women went from agricultural work to factory work or even to department store work. The amount of women now working had risen this had then increased the amount of women who wanted to be independent. Lauren Pluss 10G ...read more.

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