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Describe Law And Order In The Late 19th Century.

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Coursework Describe Law And Order In The Late 19th Century. At the beginning of the 1800s, crime went up a significant amount because of the Industrial Revolution. Theft was the main crime. Because so many people were living in such a small area it lead to crime. With the invention of steam power, which lead to factories, which lead to cities. With cities now growing all over England, law and order needed to be improved. London s population had grown to 1.5 million people, yet there were only 450 constables for the whole of London. In 1829 the Metropolitan Police Act was set up. A police force of 3,200 men covered London. The police wore a uniform of dark blue long coats. They wanted the police to be as unlike to the army as possible. ...read more.


In 1850, the police began to carry guns and got the reputation of being heavy handed and violent. There were fewer street crimes, but the number of burglaries went up. The polices main job was to deal with crime that had been committed, not solve them. In 1877 the Criminal Investigations Department was set up to solve crimes that had been committed. There were only 200 plain-clothes detectives, but by 1883, there were 800. The public saw them as spies, but by the late 19th century England had a low murder rate. The police force did not yet use advanced methods like forensic detectives yet because the technology was not around yet so the police only had a few methods of catching criminals. As a result of the Industrial Revolution, England became the richest country in the world. ...read more.


One was called the separate system where the criminal was completely separate from all human contact for a long period of time. Another type of punishment called the silent system was used. The prisoner was detained in a cell and was not allowed to speak at all. If they did they were often punished even more. Hard and pointless labour was also used. Criminals were forced to repeatedly dig ditches and fill them in or to build walls. This labour was often back breaking and many prisoners suffered from injuries. However by 1895, it was thought too cruel and barbaric to make the prisoners do this so they were forced to get rid of it and prisoners were just kept in cells. Crime and punishment changed a lot over the 19th century. By the end of the 19th century, crime rates were down significantly because of the Metropolitan Police Force and the CID. People also did not want to commit crimes because of the new punishments that were used. ...read more.

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