• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe Law And Order In The Late 19th Century.

Extracts from this document...


Coursework Describe Law And Order In The Late 19th Century. At the beginning of the 1800s, crime went up a significant amount because of the Industrial Revolution. Theft was the main crime. Because so many people were living in such a small area it lead to crime. With the invention of steam power, which lead to factories, which lead to cities. With cities now growing all over England, law and order needed to be improved. London s population had grown to 1.5 million people, yet there were only 450 constables for the whole of London. In 1829 the Metropolitan Police Act was set up. A police force of 3,200 men covered London. The police wore a uniform of dark blue long coats. They wanted the police to be as unlike to the army as possible. ...read more.


In 1850, the police began to carry guns and got the reputation of being heavy handed and violent. There were fewer street crimes, but the number of burglaries went up. The polices main job was to deal with crime that had been committed, not solve them. In 1877 the Criminal Investigations Department was set up to solve crimes that had been committed. There were only 200 plain-clothes detectives, but by 1883, there were 800. The public saw them as spies, but by the late 19th century England had a low murder rate. The police force did not yet use advanced methods like forensic detectives yet because the technology was not around yet so the police only had a few methods of catching criminals. As a result of the Industrial Revolution, England became the richest country in the world. ...read more.


One was called the separate system where the criminal was completely separate from all human contact for a long period of time. Another type of punishment called the silent system was used. The prisoner was detained in a cell and was not allowed to speak at all. If they did they were often punished even more. Hard and pointless labour was also used. Criminals were forced to repeatedly dig ditches and fill them in or to build walls. This labour was often back breaking and many prisoners suffered from injuries. However by 1895, it was thought too cruel and barbaric to make the prisoners do this so they were forced to get rid of it and prisoners were just kept in cells. Crime and punishment changed a lot over the 19th century. By the end of the 19th century, crime rates were down significantly because of the Metropolitan Police Force and the CID. People also did not want to commit crimes because of the new punishments that were used. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. To what extent are writers also detectives in the novels you have studied?

    As a writer of a biography, one is expected to stick to facts, as is a detective. However, as this biography would be written under the illusion that Fanshawe is dead it would actually in effect be a work of invention rather than accurate reconstruction.

  2. Explain why Prisons were reformed in the early 19th century.

    Criminals provided a social network and easy friendship. The petty crime provided the extra money needed and the appeal of the alcohol then led to more alcohol-related crimes. With an increase in crime, because of the above, many prisons couldn't cope with the volume required.

  1. law and order

    They needed somewhere else, they considered the west Indian islands, and the lastly considered Australia, discovered by James Cook. The first transportation to Australia was in may 1787. Why did the government introduce transportation to Australia? 1. An alternative was needed- hanging.

  2. What was the impact of the 1829 Metropolitan Police Act?

    The Metropolitan Police is also responsible for the National Identification Service (including the National Fingerprint Office and the National Criminal Record Office), and the Aliens Registration Office. The administration of the force is headed by a Receiver and by Directors of Personnel, Performance Review and Management Services, Finance, Technology, Property Services, and Public Affairs and Internal Communications.

  1. Describe law and order in London in the late 19th century

    This was certified, established, and in 1829, regulation. New police officers were arranged and appointed to the streets of London from the Tory initiative. The Metropolitan Police Force was organised by Colonel Charles Rowan and Sir Richard Mayne at 4 Whitehall Place, which had an ancient courtyard, entitled Scotland Yard.

  2. Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century

    Baton changes meant many innocent were hurt and it was reported that police used force when told not to do so. An example of this was bloody Sunday. In 1887 on November 13th a mass demonstration of unemployed occurred in Trafalgar square.

  1. Describe law and order in the late 19th century

    This, in turn, caused police work in poor class areas more difficult. One of those areas included the East End of London, the area where the majority of the Whitechapel murders took place. The police force was still young at the time of the Whitechapel murders.

  2. public law

    In fact, upon the presentation of Senate Bill 1976 (now P.L. 105-301), some of those statistics were discussed. As previously stated, the U.S. did not conduct its own study, but review existing statistics and information about the topic. Senator Michael DeWine, who introduced the legislation as Senate Bill 1976 in

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work