• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe psychological research into "who are the victims/fear of crime".

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

a.) Describe psychological research into "who are the victims/fear of crime". Research has found that young men are most likely to become victims of muggings (64%) and stranger assaults (80%). This is in contrast to the popular perception that women are most likely to be at risk from crime. Being a previous victim of crime also heightens the chances of becoming a victim again, especially in the case of burglary, because if a burglar found that a certain house was easy to break into, they will feel more confident about doing it again. This repeat victimization is also present in crimes such as domestic violence and child abuse. ...read more.

Middle

blame them for their victimization to maintain our "just-world" hypothesis and reduce our fear of becoming a victim of crime (Lerner, 1970). This can cause distress to the victim and therefore it can hamper the process of coming to terms with their situation, and for the individual concerned, the fear of crime that they may have had previously could be amplified and it could be difficult to overcome without help. This could have a negative impact on the victim's life as they may restrict their social activities and therefore the quality of life they have is lowered. The fact that the victim may be staying at home more also poses another problem in that a person is more likely to become a victim of crime in the home or from someone they already know, such as a close friend or relative. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is also difficult for the police to tackle individual persistent offenders if the majority of crimes are not reported (75% - Hollin, 1992). This may mean that people are becoming victims unnecessarily as the crimes are not being reported, therefore the offender is not being pursued. c.) Apply the research to practical situations. * Preventing repeat victimisation * Improving treatment and perceptions of victims * Preventing people becoming victims in the first place * Reducing the 'dark figure' by increasing the amount of crime reported * Informing the public about what kinds of people really become victims and dispelling incorrect perceptions * Reducing fear of people who think they are more likely to be at risk because of an incorrect perception of crime Yvonne Ashworth ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Does the media heighten fear of crime?

    The Independent discuss contibutory facors as to why there is a gap between the public perceptions and reality of crime. Morris states that it is for reasons such as that the Government has no control over the everyday experience of crime, and moreover petty vandalism, or vaguely troublesome teenagers in

  2. A critique of policy or a piece of research - The British Crime Survey.

    Michael Dean, Chief Investigator, National EMSC Data Analysis Resource Centre (2001) states these methods- 'When creating your questions it is essential to consider the wording of the questions. The wording of a question may bias the results. Also, you should consider the format in which you want the responses.

  1. Environmental factors that affect offenders and victims.

    lower income famines, and finally, and that high-delinquency areas had an acceptance of non-conventional norms, which competed with conventional ones. They collected their data from over 56,000 juvenile court records with covered a period of time from 1900-1933. However, there were problems with the concept of social disorganisation and these problems are what contributed to its decline.

  2. This research project attempts to contrast local crime trends with the British Crime Survey ...

    Some sociologists have tried to deny that there has been an increase in crime by pointing to the inaccuracy of the crime figures and the increase in the reporting of crime. Young (1993) argues that the rises have been so great that changes in the recording and reporting of crime cannot account for the increase.

  1. Describe psychological research on offender profiling and Evaluate psychological research on offender profiling.

    The British approach is typified by that of David Cantor, who has been a major figure in offender profiling research in this country. This approach uses 3 main areas on which to gather information and develop a profile of the offender.

  2. Compare and Contrast the intended Crimes, Victims and Villains in the short stories "A ...

    'Milk', she said". We are not shown exactly what Billy is thinking and instead, the writer uses phrases to make the reader make his own guesses and judgements. The victim of the committed crimes in 'A Terribly Strange Bed' is a young man who had just finished his education at college and staying in Paris with an English friend.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work