• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the employment opportunities of woman in Britain in 1914 at the out break of the war

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe the employment opportunities of woman in Britain in 1914 at the out break of the war? There were very less employment opportunities for women in Britain in 1914 at the outbreak of the war than there were today, because of the prevailing social attitudes and a lack of educational opportunities for girls. The Government census of 1911 revealed that over 11 million adult women did not have paid jobs. There were about 5.9 million women workers employed. This was because women were expected to marry and become housewives. Their position and status were directed towards maintaining the annual duties of the family and children. These duties consisted of cleaning and caring for the house, caring for the young, cooking for the family, maintaining a yard, and sewing clothing for all. Enid Starkie, writing in 1941, remembers her childhood at the turn of the century (from A Lady's Child). ...read more.

Middle

Their pay was very low, sometimes only �5 or �10 a year and they often only got one half day in a week- or even a month- off. Servants who 'lived out' (in their own homes) were better paid. The textiles industry was a major employer of women, as it had been since the Industrial Revolution. The number of women employed in the textile industry were 0.6 million. Women could supervise the spinning and weaving machines as effectively as men, but men filled most of the posts of overseers. In the textiles industry pay of women was much lower than for men. The Lancashire textile mills were very famous for employing large number of women. Indeed the percentage of Lancashire working class women with a job was about the same in 1900 as it is today. Potteries were another work place where women were employed. There were fairly high numbers of women working in pot banks. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was very difficult for women to be promoted. Many people simply thought that women were less capable than men. One reason for this was that women were often not as well educated as men. By 1900 boys and girls received a similar basic schooling. However, far more boys than girls were likely to go on to secondary' school. Only 2% of women received secondary education. Just a very few rich girls went to university. The employment opportunities for women were quite limited, especially the working class, principally because of prevailing social attitudes and expectations in Victorian and Edwardian society. The poverty of fathers reflected on the lack of educational opportunities for girls. Some married women worked because of their poverty but in professions like teaching or banking married women could not work. By 1900 boys and girls received a similar basic schooling. However, far more boys than girls were likely to attend secondary schools. Just a very few rich girls went on to university. ?? ?? ?? ?? Amit Parpani 4NB ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Report on: Lowood Institution for Orphan Girls.

    bread 18:30- Supper 19:00- Prayer 20:30- Get ready for bed 21:00- Lights Out 4.5 Sundays On Sundays, there is no work done, but the girls walk two miles from the school to Brockelbridge Church and spend a lot f the day there.

  2. Match Girls Sources Questions

    believed that the strike would not continue and stated that 'The strike can not go on indefinitely' The article suggests that the Match Girls have been 'egged on' to strike by 'sympathisers'. I think the Match Girl's strike was such a success because they believed, not only in themselves but

  1. Find out what subjects girls study more in higher education as well as for ...

    Black Stone (New Society) They argue that there are so few women scientist and engineers because of the impact of environmental influences on attitudes, both in the home and the school. Science and technology subjects are seen as male subjects. Alison Kelly (The Missing Half: Girls and science Education 1981)

  2. How far did the educational opportunities for women improve during the 19th Century?

    Many working class girls were offered only Sunday school education, dame schools that were highly under funded and only taught basic literacy or the institutional sector which was run by many factories.

  1. The scientific revolution

    Therefore, while men tried to prevent the education of women, they also deliberately prevented their access to virtue, greater equality and their participation in their society. Therefore, I believe it fair to say that men attempted to perpetuate the ignorance of women and stimulated their evil to justify the necessity of their despotic control over them.

  2. What were the lives of people like in the 19th century cities?

    in which a nurse would be standing ready to serve coffee or tea. The saloon would be very large with a crystal crown on the ceiling. On the floor expensive carpets would be laying. Pretty and old furniture and a library with lots of books would be available.

  1. Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914 at the outbreak of ...

    Domestic servants had no unions or MP's interested in making sure they had good working conditions, as a result, they worked far longer hours than factory workers did. Factory workers worked only about twelve hours a day. The majority were unmarried women, although married women were allowed to work.

  2. 1) Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914?

    Therefore even if a girl was educated, as some girls in middle and upper class were, society and their own families preferred them not to apply their knowledge, as they had created this idea that women should not take up any responsible jobs.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work