• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain between 1914 and 1918.

Extracts from this document...


Robert Haines 5V Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain between 1914 and 1918. Before 1915 there were high unemployment rates as trade with the Triple Alliance had ceased, many servants and maids were dismissed and some employees shut down their factories in the initial war panic. In September 1914 44% of working women were unemployed. In 1915 the situation changed. The shortage of armaments and supplies for the army and navy meant that there was a shortage of supplies in the munitions industry. There was a growing need for more people to take up posts in the army such as clerks and nurses as it was growing larger. As those who worked in farms were going out to fight there was a shortage of people to work on the land and in the public services. At first there was hostility towards women in most areas that they started to work in. Men argued that it was wrong for women to be paid as much as a man who was working to support his family. ...read more.


And there was always the risk of the ammunitions going off which would result in a big explosion which would be fatal. Women working in this area were given much more freedom to wear trousers as they were easier to work in. They were given use of all kinds of facilities, like canteens, rest rooms as well as a cr�che because many women had children and had nowhere to keep them while they were at work. The major change in their lifestyle would have been in the introduction of the Lady Welfare Officer who was a upper-middle class lady employed to sort out the workers housing problems, to keep discipline at the work place and how to dress or behave. They also helped organise dancing and football clubs and other similar activities. At the beginning of the war they worked for as long as 12 hours a day but this was stopped in most factories as it became counter productive. The pay varied in some places they got paid as much as �5 a week and as little as 30 shillings a week, its is ...read more.


As in munitions most of the menial work was done by those in the working class and the jobs with more responsibility were given to those of a higher class. In 1914 there were around 100,000 women working on farms full-time and the same amount part-time. Despite the large numbers of women working on the land there were still many areas that were considered only suitable for males. They thought that women were not strong enough to perform the heavy manual labour that was necessary for a farm to run smoothly. But when the war started not only did Britain need more food but the men who worked on the farms were leaving their work to go and fight. This soon created a need for women to go and work on the farms. Local women could not be found as they had all gone of to work at the factories where there were higher wages than the 18-20 shillings a week being paid in agriculture. So in 1917 the Woman's Land Army was created with the help of the government. The majority of woman who joined were from the upper or middle classes. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Comparing 19th and 20th Centaury Short Stories - Son's Veto and growing up.

    Ordinary commoners couldn't bring shame onto his name and ruin his public reputation but this woman who couldn't even use grammar correctly would cause others to look down upon him just as he looked down upon her if she married another person from lower class then that would practically make

  2. Women and Football

    Can you imagine accusing Norwich City's majority shareholder, and TV cook, Delia Smith, that she only supports them because Jamie Cureton is a bit of a 'looker'? I think if anyone was to question Delia's true feeling towards her team, especially after her infamous 'Let's be having you!'

  1. Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914 at the outbreak of ...

    Women did not have equal rights with men in society, they could not vote, did not get equal pay in any job, only receiving about 2/3 of men's pay. In most cases women teachers were made to give up their work when they got married unless they ran a school with their husband who was also a teacher.

  2. 1) Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914?

    Women could not afford to complain or create any resistant movement at that time as they would most certainly loose their jobs, as no law unjustified the action taken by their superiors towards this action. However, by 1914 there were women working in almost all professions.

  1. “Why did it take so long for women to achieve the franchise?”

    Education for the working class prior to 1850 was lacking indefinitely, but it was not just the working class, the middle class did not receive adequate means of education either. For the working and middle class, education was seen as unnecessary and by some it was even perceived as being dangerous.

  2. The struggle for the emancipation of women.

    In 1870 state education started for the working class under the Forsters education act. This provided education for the poor. It was not compulsory but not free either. In 1880 the state education was made compulsory for girls of 5 to 10 years old under the Mundella act.

  1. Describe the employment opportunities of woman in Britain in 1914 at the out break ...

    Some employed 35% - 45% of female in their workforce. The surprising thing was that women continued to work in pot banks even after their marriage. This was partly because of local tradition and partly because of their poverty. Although women dominated skills like painting and flower making, they were generally employed as assistants of skilled men workers, like throwers.

  2. Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain between 1914 and 1918

    I feel there were better employment opportunities than this available at the time. 900,000 women worked in munitions during the war. Whereas middle and upper-class women did nursing and agricultural work, it was mainly working-class women who worked in the munitions factories.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work