• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain between 1914 and 1918

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain between 1914 and 1918 Employment opportunities for women increased between 1914 due to the enlistment of men. Very few women had regular work pre-1914 but many chose to work to earn extra income for their family and to support the war effort between 1914 and 1918. The Women's Land Army gave women was formed under the jurisdiction of the government in 1917. Most women who joined the Land Army were middle or upper-class. This allowed women who had never worked in their life to work with people similar to themselves. In 1914, 100,000 women worked full-time on the land and in 1919 this number had increased to 113,000. Discipline was harsh in the Land Army and the work was hard but rewarding: "From there I was posted to Lincolnshire for the back-aching job of picking up potatoes," Mrs Price. This was a good employment opportunity as although it was hard work, if you behaved and worked well, you had job security. ...read more.

Middle

Women were expected to and carried out these works which were before considered to be "men's work." An estimated three hundred women were killed from TNT poisoning and from explosions but the exact numbers are unknown. Many women chose this line of work as it directly helped the war effort and women who did this job were seen as patriots. Patriotism was a large pull factor in attracting workers to munitions factories and this negated the fact that the jobs were hard and stressful and for long hours: "That was where they wanted people most... that's where they kept saying, you know, your King and country needs you," Amy May. Women earnt upto �5 per week which was much higher than the average wage for an industrial worker pre-war of 11s 7d which was another pull factor for workers. Another change alongside the fact that women began to work was their working conditions. Lady Welfare Supervisors were introduced to perform a wide variety of tasks that controlled and assisted female workers; welfare supervision had: "...tended towards creating a better class of factory girl," Ministry of Labour. ...read more.

Conclusion

There were areas of work however where there was a decrease in workers such as domestic services. This is because these jobs were non-essential in a time of war and women wanted to be seen to be doing a more productive profession. Patriotism and camaraderie are both factors in the decrease in numbers of 24% for female workers in this field during the war period. Employment opportunities between 1914 and 1918 arose mainly from men who vacated their posts to go to war. I believe that the best new work opportunity that came up for women was in transportation. There was increase of 544% in female transport workers between 1914 and 1918. These jobs were fairly well paid compared to others and weren't dangerous or insecure (at least until men returned from war). Women became valued in work and were able to join trade unions and other organisations. Some were paid the same as men, but, however, many women lost their jobs after the war when men returned to work. Women began to realise their potential they had when released from the restraints of staying at home looking after the children all day. ?? ?? ?? ?? Michael Leedham 5N ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. The struggle for the emancipation of women.

    After 1870 things looked up for women's rights, in 1870 Parliament passed the law in which Married women were allowed to keep their own earnings, it was another 12 years before they were allowed to own property and dispose of it as they wished this law was passed in 1882.

  2. Action Aid talk on eathiopia

    They also had a few animals. They had no access to a health centre and if anyone became ill they would need to walk a great distance for help or use a traditional healer in the area.

  1. Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914 at the outbreak of ...

    While the boys learnt Latin and Maths the girls would learn housewifely skills such as letter writing and embroidery. The things they learnt were designed to make them good wives and mothers rather than good business women. At school, the legal leaving age was twelve, but this was only extended by elementary schools for a further two years.

  2. Describe the employment opportunities of woman in Britain in 1914 at the out break ...

    Most of the work was manual. Some domestic servants worked in very terrible conditions. They lived in attics of houses and worked for long hours as cleaners, cooks and chambermaids.

  1. To what extent did women become more emancipated in the period 1800-1914? In 1800 ...

    The argument used against education at this time was that it was cause an upset in social order with women competing for professional jobs. That the relationship between the sexes would break down and social values lost. This is view is obviously incorrect but the men at the time were afraid of this new kind of educated women.

  2. 1) Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914?

    Many worked at home and received piece rates. They made jewellery, painted led soldiers or addressed envelopes. Only the downtrodden and deprived women in the society who in reality were the pillar of their own family had to work under these awful conditions.

  1. Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain between 1914 and 1918.

    Women left the traditional working areas like cotton, silk and tailoring to move to better paid jobs that were traditionally taken up by men. Around 900,000 women became involved in making shells, guns and aircraft in factories for the British forces.

  2. Employment opertunities for women in Britain in 1914.

    Yearly wages depended on your job. For a housekeeper they would earn about �45 a year down to a kitchen maid, which earned �24 a year, and a scullery maid earned the least at about �12 a year. The typical day for a scullery maid started at 5-6 am when

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work