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Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914 at the outbreak of war.

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Miss Shires Billy Quelcutti History Coursework Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914 at the outbreak of war. As the century opened in 1900, the situation with women and work was not going well. Even though this was Queen Victoria's sixty first year as queen, women benefited in a very small way. Women were viewed as being less intelligent and weaker both physically and emotionally than men. Women's rights did improve by 1914 but they were still a long way away from being equal to men. This essay will look at how women's opportunities slowly improved by 1914. To do this the following factors will be looked at; the education of women their professions and there classes. Women didn't work in the same professions as men. Most women worked in factories or domestic service etc. The numbers of women employed in the most common occupations for women in 1911. Women were rarely paid the same wage as men. Although there were 212 women doctors, 2 architects and a few women clerks and assistants in the legal, banking and insurance worlds, many professions were still closed to women. ...read more.


The upper class females were never expected to work. Although many women were highly skilled they were paid low wages. Even when doing very similar work women were paid much less than men. In the situation that men were unable to work and the women had to fill in for them they still didn't receive the same wage as the man doing the same job. Both boys and girls were provided elementary school education. Although the curriculum was much different for girls than it was for boys, girls were cookery, hygiene, laundry work, sewing and infant care lessons. This was even more so because of the poor state of the nations health, low standards of mothering was blamed for this. Even secondary school girls gave up time to educate their pupils in domestic service. Middle class girls would usually attend a girl's public day school. These schools gave scholarships to girls who couldn't afford the fees. There were schools just for wealthy girls to. Elementary schools were for educating poor girls to be good wives, mothers and domestic servants, and secondary schools turned out more educated and accomplished wives. ...read more.


Most of these suffragettes were middle class women. The suffragettes would campaign to try to earn the right for the women's vote. Many said that women were incapable of understanding the experience. Some of the rights that women wanted banished were: Women would lose their right to be a British citizen if they were to marry a foreigner, a man could not be found guilty of raping his wife if she refused to have sex with him, even if he was carrying a disease. Some rights women had were: Married women were allowed to be members of the metropolitan Borough councils; the women were now able to compete in the Olympics. This showed that men were highly above women and it clearly separated the sexes. Although there were still limitations for women, by 1914 women had much fewer limitations but the situation was better than it was at the start of the century. Women were no longer regarded as their husband's property and women were allowed to sit on the school boards. The situation in 1914 has improved but is still not as good as it should be. It has improved because women have better rights and have come a long way in their social status ...read more.

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