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Describe the employment oppurtunities for women at the outbreak of the war in 1914...

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Describe the employment opportunities for women at the outbreak of the war in 1914. At the outbreak of the war in 1914, women faced many barriers in the world of work and had limited opportunities. Poorly paid, manual employment such as domestic service or factory work was available to married and unmarried working class women, but better paid jobs that required a certain level of skill and education such as governesses, teachers or secretaries were available to the unmarried middle class women. Most working class women had to work; either because they were unmarried, widowed or because their husband's wage was not enough to support the family. Most of the work open to married women had to be done in their own homes to enable them to look after their home and family - such as taking in washing, ironing & sewing. ...read more.


However limitations that women faced in the industry were that there was no particular career structure therefore few promotion opportunities. Also there was huge competition from men. Shop work was also a sought after job because, again, it paid more and provided women with some independence and a much more pleasant working environment. However hours were very long like domestic service. Shop workers were usually middle class women, because you needed to be able to present yourself accordingly and have some level of education; however a certain number of higher working class women worked in shops as well. Middle class women had better jobs as they usually had some education. But working middle class women were always unmarried because husbands were expected to provide enough income for the family. ...read more.


Still, there was a career structure and the hope of gaining a position in authority and respect By 1900 around 60,000 nurses were working in British hospitals. Nursing was almost exclusively a woman's job. Florence Nightingale had transformed the role and status of nursing in the second half of the 19th century so many women wanted to follow in her footsteps. But, like a teacher or governess, when nurses were married, they were forced to resign. So the women of the early 19th century faced many limitations in the world of work, especially working class women. Hours were long, the conditions were poor and the double burden of housework, childbearing and paid employment gave women very little independence. For middle class women, life in the workplace was a little better, but still women faced limitations regarding pay, and again independence. ?? ?? ?? ?? - 1 - ...read more.

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